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Parash 5 Hayyei-Sarah (Sarah’s Life) B’resheet / Genesis 23:1 -25:18



Sarah dies at age 127 and is buried in the Machpeilah Cave in Hebron, which Abraham purchases from Ephron the Hittite for 400 shekels of silver.

Abraham's servant, Eliezer, is sent laden with gifts to Charan to find a wife for Isaac. At the village well, Eliezer asks God for a sign: when the maidens come to the well, he will ask for some water to drink; the woman who will offer to give his camels to drink as well, shall be the one destined for his master's son.

Rebecca, the daughter of Abraham's nephew Bethuel, appears at the well and passes the "test". Eliezer is invited to their home, where he repeats the story of the day's events. Rebecca returns with Eliezer to the land of Canaan, where they encounter Isaac praying in the field. Isaac marries Rebecca, loves her, and is comforted over the loss of his mother.

Abraham takes a new wife, Keturah (Hagar) and fathers six additional sons, but Isaac is designated as his only heir. Abraham dies at age 175 and is buried beside Sarah by his two eldest sons, Isaac and Ishmael.



Theme & Message

May she be the one whom You have appointed for Your servant Isaac. (Genesis 24:14)

Abraham’s servant Eliezer was sent to find a wife for Isaac. He prayed that God would indicate which woman He had appointed for Isaac to marry. God miraculously singled out Rebecca. Later, when recounting the story of his encounter with Rebecca to her family, they had to admit, “The matter comes from the LORD” (Genesis 24:50). By all appearances, God had appointed Rebecca to be the wife of Isaac.

This teaches that God appoints each person’s a spouse. Some people call this appointed person a soul mate.


Hebrew Meanings:

H8283  שׂרה  śârâh  BDB Definition: Sarah = “noblewoman”

H85  אברהם  'abrâhâm  BDB Definition: Abraham = “father of nations” or “chief of multitude”

H2845  חת  chêth BDB Definition: Heth = “terror”

H6085  עפרון  ‛ephrôn  BDB Definition: Ephron = “fawn-like”

H6714  צחר  tsôchar  BDB Definition: Zohar = “tawny”

H4375  מכפּלה  makpêlâh BDB Definition: Machpelah = “double” or “portion”

H4471  ממרא  mamrê'  BDB Definition: Mamre = “strength” or “fatness”

H3327  יצחק  yitschâq  BDB Definition: Isaac = “he laughs” or “laughter’

H5152  נחור  nâchôr  BDB Definition: Nahor = “snorting”

H7259  רבקה  ribqâh  BDB Definition: Rebekah = “ensnarer”

H1328  בּתוּאל  bethû'êl  BDB Definition: Bethuel = “God destroys” or “man of God” or “dweller in God”

H4435  מלכּה  milkâh  BDB Definition: Milcah = “queen


H1330  בּתוּלה  bethûlâh  BDB Definition: 1) virgin


H3837  לבן  lâbân  BDB Definition: Laban = “white”

H883  בּאר לחי ראי be'êr lȧchay rô'îy  BDB Definition:  Beer-lahai-roi = “well of the Living One seeing me”

H6989  קטוּרה  qeṭûrâh  BDB Definition: Keturah = “incense”


Avraham’s second wife and there children

H2175  זמרן  zimrân  BDB Definition: Zimran = “musician”

H3370  יקשׁן  yoqshân  BDB Definition: Jokshan = “snarer”

H4091  מדן  medân  BDB Definition:  Medan = “contention”

H4080  מדין  midyân  BDB Definition: Midian or Midianite = “strife”

H3435  ישׁבּק  yishbâq  BDB Definition: Ishbak = “he releases”

H7774  שׁוּעא  shû‛â'  BDB Definition: Shua = “wealth”


H7614  שׁבא  shebâ'  BDB Definition: Sheba = “seven” or “an oath”

H1719  דּדנה  /  דּדן  dedân  /  dedâneh  BDB Definition: Dedan = “low country”

H3458  ישׁמעאל  yishmâ‛ê'l  BDB Definition: Ishmael = “God will hear”



B’resheet / Genesis 23

The age and death of Sarah, Gen_23:1, Gen_23:2. Avraham mourns for her, and requests a burial-place from the sons of Heth, Gen_23:2-4. They freely offer him the choice of all their sepulchers, Gen_23:5, Gen_23:6. Avraham refuses to receive any as a free gift, and requests to buy the cave of Machpelah from Ephron, Gen_23:7-9. Ephron proffers the cave and the field in which it was situated as a free gift unto Avraham, Gen_23:10, Gen_23:11. Avraham insists on giving its value in money, Gen_23:12, Gen_23:13. Ephron at last consents, and names the sum of four hundred shekels, Gen_23:14, Gen_23:15. Avraham weighs him the money in the presence of the people; in consequence of which the cave, the whole field, trees, etc., are made sure to him and his family for a possession, Gen_23:16-18. The transaction being completed, Sarah is buried in the cave, Gen_23:19. The sons of Heth ratify the bargain, Gen_23:20.


In verse 15 we see the postering going on between Het and Avraham about the burial spot for Sarah. Avrahm knew that these men would turn the story around in the future to say that Avraham stole the land. Because of Avraham’s great love of his wife he did not want anything to happen to her body. So he made sure before the whole town council that all eyes would see the truth. For our reference as to the relative value of 400 shekels of silver, in that time a working man earned 6-8 shekels of silver a year. At that price, such a man would have to work 50 years to earn 400 shekels of silver. Ephron the Hittite took full advantage of the situation by asking such a high price. Even so, Abraham weighed out 400 shekels of silver before the Hittite Parliament so that the transaction was duly witnessed and was an assured contractual purchase following a definite legal pattern known in the ancient Near East.  Abraham declared to the council and Ephron, “400 shekels of silver, current money at the going merchant’s rate.” What Abraham probably said to himself was, “Let no one claim that this land was stolen!” Also know that 50 in Hebrew is jubilee. A time of great rejoicing.  



B’resheet / Genesis 24

Avraham, being solicitous to get his son Isaac property married, calls his confidential servant, probably Eliezer, and makes him swear that he will not take a wife for Yitz'chak /Isaac from among the Canaanites, Gen_24:1-3, but from among his own kindred, Gen_24:4. The servant proposes certain difficulties, Gen_24:5, which Avraham removes by giving him the strongest assurances of God’s direction in the business, Gen_24:6, Gen_24:7, and then specifies the conditions of the oath, Gen_24:8. The form of the oath itself, Gen_24:9. The servant makes preparations for his journey, and sets out for Mesopotamia, the residence of Avraham’s kindred, Gen_24:10. Arrives at a well near to the place, Gen_24:11. His prayer to God, Gen_24:12-14. Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel, son of Nahor, Avraham’s brother, comes to the well to draw water, Gen_24:15. She is described, Gen_24:16. Conversation between her and Avraham’s servant, in which every thing took place according to his prayer to God, Gen_24:17-21. He makes her presents, and learns whose daughter she is, Gen_24:22-24. She invites him to her father’s house, Gen_24:25. He returns thanks to God for having thus far given him a prosperous journey, Gen_24:26, Gen_24:27. Rebekah runs home and informs her family, Gen_24:28; on which her brother Laban comes out, and invites the servant home, Gen_24:29-31. His reception, Gen_24:32, Gen_24:33. Tells his errand, Gen_24:34, and how he had proceeded in executing the trust reposed in him, Gen_24:35-48. Requests an answer, Gen_24:49. The family of Rebekah consent that she should become the wife of Yitz'chak / Isaac, Gen_24:50, Gen_24:51. The servant worships God, Gen_24:52, and gives presents to Milcah, Laban, and Rebekah, Gen_24:53. He requests to be dismissed, Gen_24:54-56. Rebekah, being consulted, consents to go, Gen_24:57, Gen_24:58. She is accompanied by her nurse, Gen_24:59; and having received the blessing of her parents and relatives, Gen_24:60, she departs with the servant of Avraham, Gen_24:61. They are met by Yitz'chak / Isaac, who was on an evening walk for the purpose of meditation, Gen_24:62-65. The servant relates to Yitz'chak / Isaac all that he had done, Gen_24:66. Yitz'chak / Isaac and Rebekah are married, Gen_24:67.



Gen 24:1  By now Avraham was old, advanced in years; and Adonai had blessed Avraham in everything.

Gen 24:2  Avraham said to the servant who had served him the longest, who was in charge of all he owned, "Put your hand under my thigh;

Gen 24:1-2 & 9

Put his hand under the thigh of Abraham - This form of swearing has greatly puzzled the commentators; but it is useless to detail opinions which I neither believe myself, nor would wish my readers to credit. I believe the true sense is given in the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel, and that called the Jerusalem Targum. In the former it is said, Put now thy hand בגזית מהולתי  bigzirath mehulathi, in sectione circumcisionis meoe; in the latter תחות ירך קימי  techoth yerech keyami, sub femore foederis mei. When we put the circumstances mentioned in this and the third verse together, we shall find that they fully express the ancient method of binding by oath in such transactions as had a religious tendency. 1. The rite or ceremony used on the occasion: the person binding himself put his hand under the thigh of the person to whom he was to be bound; i.e., he put his hand on the part that bore the mark of circumcision, the sign of God’s covenant, which is tantamount to our kissing the book, or laying the hand upon the New Testament or covenant of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2. The form of the oath itself: the person swore by Jehovah, the God of heaven and the God of the earth. Three essential attributes of God are here mentioned:

1.   His self-existence and eternity in the name Jehovah.

2.   His dominion of glory and blessedness in the kingdom of heaven.

3.   His providence and bounty in the earth.

The meaning of the oath seems to be this: “As God is unchangeable in his nature and purposes, so shall I be in this engagement, under the penalty of forfeiting all expectation of temporal prosperity, the benefits of the mystical covenant, and future glory.” An oath of this kind, taken at such a time, and on such an occasion, can never be deemed irreligious or profane. Also by swearing in this way placing your hand so close to the seed of man you are stating that if you break your oath your seed will be cut off like the skin in circumcision.


Gen 24:16  The girl was very beautiful, a virgin, never having had sexual relations with any man. She went down to the spring, filled her jug and came up.

The Hebrew word used here for virgin is important because it is different then the word virgin used in the Messianic prophecy of Yesha`yahu. Here the Lord uses H1330  בּתוּלה  bethûlâh  BDB Definition: 1) virgin but in Yesha`yahu 7:14 the word for virgin is H5959  עלמה  ‛almâh BDB Definition: 1) virgin, young woman


Verse 15 begins the pray by Avraham’s servant. The prayer about the woman coming to the well for water. This is important on many level but the point I am going of is that it is a woman coming to well. Time and time again we see women carrying the water. It is only on special occasions that the Cohanim (rabbi’s) would carry the water. But even more when Messiah says to His Talmidim go find the man carrying the water so He could celebrate His last super.


Mar 14:13  He sent two of his talmidim with these instructions: "Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him;

Mar 14:14  and whichever house he enters, tell him that the Rabbi says, 'Where is the guest room for me, where I am to eat the Pesach meal with my talmidim?'

This is a foreshadow of Succoth.

B’resheet / Genesis 25

Avraham marries Keturah, Gen_25:1. Their issue, Gen_25:2-4. Makes Yitz'chak his heir, Gen_25:5; but gives portions to the sons of his concubines, and sends them eastward from Yitz'chak, to find settlements, Gen_25:6. Avraham’s age, Gen_25:7, and death, Gen_25:8. Is buried by his sons Yitz'chak and Yishma’el / Ishmael in the cave of Machpelah, Gen_25:9, Gen_25:10. God’s blessing upon Yitz'chak, Gen_25:11. The generations of Yishma’el, Gen_25:12-16. His age, Gen_25:17, and death, Gen_25:18. Of the generations of Yitz'chak, Gen_25:19, who was married in his fortieth year, Gen_25:20. Rebekah his wife being barren, on his prayer to God she conceives, Gen_25:21. She inquires of the Lord concerning her state, Gen_25:22. The Lord’s answer, Gen_25:23. She is delivered of twins, Gen_25:24. Peculiarities in the birth of her sons Esau and Jacob, from which they had their names, Gen_25:25, Gen_25:26. Their different manner of life, Gen_25:27, Gen_25:28. Esau, returning from the field faint, begs pottage from his brother, Gen_25:29, Gen_25:30. Ya’akov / Jacob refuses to grant him any but on condition of his selling him his birthright, Gen_25:31. Esau, ready to die, parts with his birthright to save his life, Gen_25:32. Ya’akov / Jacob causes him to confirm the sale with an oath, Gen_25:33. He receives bread and pottage of lentils, and departs, Gen_25:34.


Avraham takes another wife after Sarah dies at age 127. If Sarah was in her 80’s when Yitzach was born and Avraham was 100 years old when Yitzach was born he is truly an old man when he gets remarried. He does not just get remarried he fathers 5 children. As you can see by the names it starts out good but goes down hill.


Messianic Prophecy:

Gen 25:8  Then Avraham breathed his last, dying at a ripe old age, an old man full of years; and he was gathered to his people.

Gen 25:9  Yitz'chak and Yishma`el his sons buried him in the cave of Makhpelah, in the field of `Efron the son of Tzochar the Hitti, by Mamre,

Gen 25:10  the field which Avraham purchased from the sons of Het. Avraham was buried there with Sarah his wife.


As we can see by this scripture that both of the children of Avraham Yitzchak & Yishma’el come back to bury there father. This shows that both Jew & Arab will both come back and bend there knee to the father in the end of days.


Rom 14:11  since it is written in the Tanakh, "As I live, says Adonai, every knee will bend before me, and every tongue will publicly acknowledge God."


Who is quoting:


Isa 45:22  Look to me, and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God; there is no other.

Isa 45:23  In the name of myself I have sworn, from my mouth has rightly gone out, a word that will not return — that to me every knee will bow and every tongue will swear

Isa 45:24  about me that only in Adonai are justice and strength." All who rage against him will come to him ashamed,

Isa 45:25  but all the descendants of Isra'el will find justice and glory in Adonai.




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