Parash 10

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Parash 10 Mikketz (At the end) B’resheet/Genesis 41:1 to 44:17


Synopsis – Pharoah’s dream, the famine, Israel sends his sons to Egypt seeking food, Yoseph/Joseph deceives his brothers, Ya’akov/Jacob’s sons return to Egypt with Benyamin/Benjamin, the sons of Israel change their ways


Theme & Message – The focus of this lesson is that the reality of sin in all people is seen by God, revealed by God and can only be cleansed by God.  No matter how good or righteous a person may seem on the outside, it is God who sees the truth of sin hidden in the hearts of people. It is only by the cleansing blood of the Lamb of God, Yeshua, that sins can be cleansed away.  No matter how old the sin is, no matter bad the sin seems to be, the blood of Yeshua has the power to clean it and God’s heart is always willing to forgive.


TORAH LESSON – Although Yoseph/Joseph’s family believed him to be dead or never to be seen again, Joseph was alive and well and the Lord was preparing him for his true great mantle.  He was greatly anointed in the interpretation of dreams even while imprisoned.  When the Pharaoh was given dreams neither he nor his other servants could interpret, it was the cupbearer who remembered Yoseph/Joseph’s gift and told the Pharaoh about him.  The Pharaoh and the Egyptian people could see the anointing and gifting in Joseph a lifted him to a place of honor, respect and responsibility and trust.  They trusted him with their lives, their very futures.  As he prepared them for the impending famine he faithfully accepted the great task with respect and care.  When the great famine finally struck the land, the other nations readily had begun to seek the bread from Yoseph/Joseph’s storehouses. Finally, it was the sons of Israel who appeared before him seeking the same bread.  His true identity was hidden from the brothers in plain sight. They did not recognize their own flesh and blood.  . The brothers along with their father needed to prove they had learned by Yoseph/Joseph then uses this trial to teach his brothers a valuable lesson in humility, repentance and forgiveness showing obedience and selflessness even if it meant risking the life of the precious young brother, Benyamin/Benjamin. For without this willingness of sacrifice, there would be certain starvation and death for the entire family of Israel.   In the end, we see a transformed family who recognize their sin in selling their brother Joseph, recognize their helplessness to restore things to the way it should be, and finally show compassion in caring more for their brother and father than for themselves.  They give over the entire situation to Joseph and depend on his mercy.



And Judah said, “What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how can we clear ourselves? God has found out the guilt of your servants; behold, we are my lord’s servants, both we and he also in whose hand the cup has been found.”                        B’resheet/ Genesis 44:16



H3130  יוסף yoseph

BDB Definition: Joseph = “Jehovah has added”

H6847  צפנת פּענח  tsâphnath pa‛nêach

BDB Definition: Zaphnath-paaneah = “treasury of the glorious rest” 1) a name given by Pharaoh to Joseph

H621  אסנת  'âsnath

BDB Definition: Asenath = “belonging to the goddess Neith” 1) the wife of Joseph

H6319  פּוטי פרע  pôṭîy phera‛

BDB Definition: Poti-pherah = “he whom the Ra gave” an Egyptian, priest of On, father of Asenath, the wife whom Pharaoh gave to Joseph

H3667  כּנען kena‛an

BDB Definition:Canaan = “lowland”

H7205  ראוּבן  re'uben

BDB Definition:Reuben = “behold a son”  1) the eldest son of Jacob by Leah

H8095  שׁמעון  shim‛on

BDB Definition: Simeon or Shimeon = “heard”  1) the 2nd son of Jacob by his wife Leah and progenitor of the tribe of Simeon

H1144  בּנימין  binyamiyn

BDB Definition: Benjamin = “son of the right hand” 1) Jacob’s and Rachel’s youngest son, Joseph’s full brother

H3063  יהוּדה yehudah

BDB Definition: Judah = “praised” 1) the son of Jacob by Leah

H4519  מנשּׁה  menashsheh

BDB Definition: Manasseh = “causing to forget” 1) the eldest son of Joseph and progenitor of the tribe of Manasseh

41:51  Yosef called the name of the firstborn Menasheh, "For," he said, "God has made me forget all my toil, and all my father's house."

H669  אפרים  'ephrayim

BDB Definition: Ephraim = “double ash-heap: I shall be doubly fruitful”

1) second son of Joseph, blessed by him and given preference over first son, Manasseh

41:52  The name of the second, he called Efrayim: "For God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction."




In this chapter are related Pharaoh's dreams, which his magicians could not interpret, Gen_41:1, upon which the chief butler now remembering Yoseph/Joseph, recommended him to Pharaoh as an interpreter, having had an happy experience of him as such himself, Gen_41:10, when Yoseph was sent for out of prison; and Pharaoh having related his dreams, he interpreted them of seven years of plenty, and seven years of famine, that should be in the land of Egypt, Gen_41:14; and having done, he gave his advice to provide in the years of plenty against the years of famine, and proposed a scheme for doing it, which was approved of by Pharaoh and his ministers, Gen_41:33; and Yoseph himself was pitched upon as the most proper person to execute it, and was appointed chief over the kingdom next to Pharaoh, who gave him a new name and a wife upon this occasion, Gen_41:38; accordingly, in the years of plenty he took a tour throughout the whole land, and gathered and laid up food in vast quantities in every city, Gen_41:46; an account is given of two sons born to Yoseph, and of their names, Gen_41:50; and of the seven years of famine, beginning to come on at the end of the seven years of plenty, which brought great distress on the land of Egypt, and the countries round about, who all came to Joseph to buy corn, Gen_41:53.



This chapter relates how that Ya’akov/Jacob having heard there was corn in Egypt, sent all his sons but Benyamin/Benjamin thither to buy corn, Gen_42:1; and coming before Yoseph, they bowed to him, and he knowing them, though they knew not him, spoke roughly to them, and charged them with being spies, Gen_42:6; they in their defense urged that they were the sons of one man in Canaan, with whom their youngest brother was left, on which Yoseph ordered them to send for him, to prove them true men, Gen_42:10; and put them all into prison for three days, and then released them, and sent them away to fetch their brother, Gen_42:17; this brought to mind their treatment of Yoseph, and they confessed their guilt to each other, which Yoseph heard, and greatly affected him, they supposing he understood them not, and before he dismissed them bound Shimon/Simeon before their eyes, whom he retained till they returned, Gen_42:21; then he ordered his servants to fill their sacks with corn, and put each man's money in his sack, which one of them on the road found, opening his sack for provender, filled them all with great surprise and fear, Gen_42:25; upon their return to Ya’akov/Jacob they related all that had befallen them, and particularly that the governor insisted on having Benyamin/Benjamin brought to him, Gen_42:29; their sacks being opened, all their money was found in them, which greatly distressed them and Jacob also, who was very unwilling to let Benjamin go, though Reuben offered his two sons as pledges for him, and himself to be a surety, Gen_42:35.



This chapter informs us how that the famine continued in the land of Canaan, and the corn that Ya’akov/Jacob's family had from Egypt being consumed, Jacob pressed his sons to go down for more, which they refused to do, unless Benyamin/Benjamin was sent with them, for whose safety Yahudah/Judah offered to become a surety, Gen_43:1; Ya’akov/Jacob with reluctance was prevailed upon to let him go, and dismissed them with a present to the governor of Egypt, and with double money to buy corn with, and with his blessing upon them, Gen_43:11; upon which they set out for Egypt; and when they came into the presence of Yoseph/Joseph, he seeing Benyamin/Benjamin with them, ordered his steward to have them to his house, and get dinner ready, it being his pleasure that they should dine with him that day, Gen_43:15; this threw them into a fright, supposing they were going to be called to an account for the money they found in their sacks; wherefore they related to the steward very particularly the whole of that affair, who bid them not be uneasy, for he had had their money; and as a proof that things would go well with them, brought Shimon/Simeon out to them, and treated them very kindly and gently, Gen_43:18; and having got their present ready against Yoseph/Joseph came home, they delivered it to him with great veneration and submission; who asked of the welfare of their father, and whether that was not their younger brother they spoke of, the sight of whom so affected him, that he was obliged in haste to retire to his chamber, and weep, Gen_43:25; and having washed his face, and composed himself, he returned and ordered dinner to be brought, which was set on different tables, one for himself and the Egyptians, and the other for his brethren, whom he placed according to their age, to their great surprise; and sent them messes from his table to each, and to Benyamin/Benjamin five times more than the rest, and they were so liberally entertained, that they became cheerful and merry, Gen_43:31.



This chapter relates the policy of Yoseph/Joseph in making an experiment of his brethren's regard and affection for Benyamin/Benjamin; he ordered his steward to put every man's money into his sack, and his silver cup in Benjamin's, and when they were got out of the city, to follow after them, and charge them with the theft, as he did; and having searched their sacks, as they desired he would, found the cup with Benjamin, which threw them into the utmost distress, and obliged them to return to Yoseph/Joseph, Gen_44:1; who charged them with their ill behavior towards him; they acknowledge it, and propose to be his servants; but he orders them to depart to their father, retaining Benyamin/Benjamin in servitude, Gen_44:15; upon which Yehudah/Judah addressed him in a very polite and affectionate manner, and relates the whole story, both of what passed between Yoseph/Joseph and them, concerning Benyamin/Benjamin, the first time they were in Egypt, and between their father and them upon the same subject, when he directed them to go a second time thither to buy corn, and how he became a surety to his father for him, and therefore proposed to be his bondman now, not being able to see his father's face without Benyamin/Benjamin, Gen_44:18.



BRIT HADASHA LESSON – Scripture tells us that Yeshua used his time on this earth laying the foundation for a much later work to come when he would ascend to His throne and ultimately come to reign on this earth as king and reveal himself to the whole earth. Yet even His own disciples had to first learn a lesson of humility and dependence on Yeshua.  Immediately after Yeshua’s arrest and straight through the crucifixion, the disciples were plagued with sin of lying, sin of doubt, and hiding their knowledge of the Messiah instead of proclaiming Him. (Mt 26:31)  Those who had witnessed and experienced his healing power told the good news of Yeshua’s coming(.Jhn 9:25-38)  The body of Messiah began with a few faithful Jewish men traveling to newly believing Jews in various synagogues teaching from the Holy Scriptures that Yeshua was indeed the foretold Messiah of whom the scriptures and prophets had spoken. (Acts 6:7) At first, the message of Yeshua’s greatness was well received in greater numbers by the goyim, the gentiles. Scripture tells us crowds of people clamored for the Word, the bread of life (Acts 13:42-44). We know from scripture that, one day by the witness of the goyim will all Israel will come to know the Messiah.(Rom 11:25-32) All people must repent of their sin to be washed in the blood of Yeshua. In His mercy and grace, we will be forgiven. We must all turn our hearts to Him and trust Him to guide us and provide for us in all things. Yeshua gladly receives all who turn to him.(Mat18:12-14)  



TODAY’S TEMPLE – Read Mattityahu/Matthew 19: 25- 30. In the days when Yoseph/Joseph lived, the punishment for sin was swift and harsh. Yoseph/Joseph and his brothers were the patriarchs of the tribes that would one day represent the nation of Israel.  Because they were God’s chosen people, they bore more responsibility than any other people on the earth before them or since.  The nations would learn about God through Israel, so the tribes of Israel and their descendants were expected to set a good example for the other nations to see. As the examples, God would more intensely and harshly judge them than any other people. On the other hand, if they were humble, and obedient to God, they would be more abundantly blessed than any other nation.


As today’s disciples of Yeshua we are either descendants of Avraham/Abraham who are completed as Jews or, if we were not born Jews, we are grafted in to the olive tree that is Israel. We are honorary citizens of Israel according to scripture. We have God’s laws written on our hearts so that we can obey Him more closely. But His ways are more perfect than we can imagine, His perfection is beyond our reach. But His promises and blessings are worth any sacrifice




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