|Chap. 27/28||Chap. 28/29||Chap. 30/31||Chap. 32||Chap. 33|
|Chap. 34/35||Chap. 36/37||Chap. 38||Chap. 39||Chap. 40|
|Mattiyahu/Mathew 5,7,10,13 "The Beatitudes" The 4 seeds"||Law vs Grace|
|The Biblical Holy Days|
|Chanukah-The Prophetic end-time Holy Day Part 2||VIDEO|
|Chanukah-The Prophetic end-time Holy Day Part 3||VIDEO|
|Chanukah-The Prophetic end-time Holy Day Part 4|
|Chanukah-The Prophetic end-time Holy Day Part 5||VIDEO|
|Purim-The Feast of Hadassah/Ester|
|Purim/The feast of Ester Part 1||VIDEO|
|Purim/The feast of Ester Part 2||VIDEO|
|Purim/The feast of Ester Part 3||VIDEO|
|Purim/The feast of Ester Part 4|
|Purim/The feast of Ester Part 5|
|ROSH CHODESH-NEW MOON|
|Rosh Chodesh-New Moon Festival Part 1||VIDEO|
|Rosh Chodesh-New Moon Festival Part 2||VIDEO|
|SHABBAT-7TH DAY-DAY OF REST|
Parash 22 VaYakel (and he assembled) Sh’mot/Exodus 35:1 – 38:20
Synopsis – Moshe assembles the people of Israel and reiterates to them the commandment to observe the Shabbat. He then conveys God's instructions regarding the making of the Mishkan (Tabernacle).
The people donate the required materials in abundance, bringing gold, silver, copper, blue, purple and red-dyed wool, goat hair, spun linen, animal skins, wood, olive oil, herbs and precious stones. Moses has to tell them to stop giving.
A team of wise-hearted artisans make the Mishkan and its furnishings (as detailed in the previous Torah readings of Terumah, Tetzaveh and Ki Tisa): three layers of roof coverings; 48 gold-plated wall panels, and 100 silver foundation sockets; the Parochet (Veil) that separates between the Sanctuary's two chambers and the Masach (Screen) that fronts it; the Ark and its cover with the Cherubim; the Table and its Showbread; the seven-branched Menorah with its specially-prepared oil; and the Golden Altar and the incense burned on it; the Anointing Oil; the outdoor Altar for Burnt Offerings and all its implements; the hangings, posts and foundation sockets for the Courtyard; and the Basin and its pedestal, made out of copper mirrors .
Theme & Message – The focus of this portion of the Torah is the meaning of true worship. The first step of true worship comes from the heart. In true worship there is a stirring in the heart that can only be satisfied by being in God’s presence and in serving Him. The joy of giving everything we have to Him so that His abundance is surrounding us and flowing through us. A true worshipper brings to the King offerings that are pleasing and acceptable to Him. In this way the worshipper seeks to touch the Lord’s heart, and not to satisfy his or her own desires. The outward sign of true worship shows an intense focus by all members of the body working in unity and shalom on the things of God. There is no distraction or attachment to anything of the flesh or of this world. There is no time wasted on small or insignificant things. There is no concern for the self. Each person’s mind, spirit and body are even in unity serving only His purposes. In this way, there is total peace, shalom. This happens because when man completely gives all he has and all that he is to the Lord, the Lord opens the gates and windows of Heaven and pours out His abundance. True shalom can really only be found in worshipping Him.
H1212 בּצלאל betsal'êl BDB Definition: Bezaleel = “in the shadow (i.e. protection) of God”
H221 אוּרי 'ûrîy BDB Definition: Uri = “fiery”
H2354 חוּר chûr BDB Definition: Hur = “hole”
H3063 יהוּדה yehûdâh BDB Definition: Judah = “praised”
H171 אהליאב 'ohŏlîy'âb BDB Definition: Aholiab = “Father’s tent”
H5081 נדיב nâdîyb BDB Definition: 1) inclined, willing, noble, generous (adjective), 1a) incited, inclined, willing, 1b) noble, princely (in rank), 1c) noble (in mind and character), 2) noble one (noun masculine)
H2450 חכם châkâm BDB Definition: 1) wise, wise (man), 1a) skilful (in technical work), 1b) wise (in administration), 1c) shrewd, crafty, cunning, wily, subtle, 1d) learned, shrewd (class of men), 1e) prudent
1f) wise (ethically and religiously)
H3820 לב lêb BDB Definition: 1) inner man, mind, will, heart, understanding, 1a) inner part, midst
1a1) midst (of things), 1a2) heart (of man), 1a3) soul, heart (of man), 1a4) mind, knowledge, thinking, reflection, memory, 1a5) inclination, resolution, determination (of will), 1a6) conscience, 1a7) heart (of moral character), 1a8) as seat of appetites, 1a9) as seat of emotions and passions, 1a10) as seat of courage
TORAH LESSON – This portion of the Torah begins with the Shabbat. This important commandment has been repeated throughout the Torah portions even since the eighteenth parasha. Again Moshe/Moses is instructed to assemble the Israelites and again remind them that they are to do no work, nor are they to light any fire on the Sabbath no matter where they live. Once again, the Lord instructs Moshe that the penalty for breaking this law is death.
The Lord then gives Moshe a very detailed list of instructions in order to actually start building the tabernacle. The first step is that the Israelites who were moved in their hearts to give an offering were to bring the specific items to Moshe. The exact items were gold, silver, copper, blue wool, scarlet wool, fine linen, red ram’s skin, blue sea cow hides, acacia wood, oil for the lamp, fragrances for the anointing oil and incense, the precious stones for the breast plate and ephod.
The second step was to summon all those who had been given special gifts and talents. Specifically these were to be only those who were willing, being moved by their hearts to construct the things of the tabernacle. Highly skilled women spun the linen yarn and the goats’ wool. Tribal leaders gave the precious stones.
The Lord anointed two men to stand as supervisors over the workers. Betzalel was given wisdom, knowledge and talent in all types of craftsmanship. Oholiab was given a special talent for teaching others. The Lord instructs Moses to summon these two men as well as all the others that the Lord had blessed with gifts of skill and talent. These people were dedicated to the sacred task.
The work began first with the tabernacle tapestries. Next they made the over tent with the rams skins and the sea cowhides. The beams were made third. Then they made the veil for the entrance of the holy of holies and then a second veil for the entrance to the tent. These curtains were specifically made with the colors blue, red, linen and purple. The veil before the holy of holies had embroidered cherubim on it. The meaning of these colors and of the cherubim we have covered in another lesson (see Parash Lesson 19).
The furniture for the tent began after the tent was completed. The Ark of the Covenant was built first followed by the showbread table. The Menorah was contracted next. The incense altar was made and then followed by the sacrificial altar. The washstand was the final furnishing to be made.
The entire tabernacle and all of its furnishings were surrounded by an enclosure made of wooden poles draped with linen curtains. The entrance to the enclosure also had a curtain made of blue and scarlet and linen.
This portion of torah includes a very important detail. The outpouring of offerings that the people poured out was so generous that the workers had to interrupt the work. They actually had to summon Moses in order to get his help to stop all the items from overwhelming the workers.
Sh’mot/Exodus 35 -
This chapter begins with a renewal of the command of the Sabbath, Exo_35:1 and contains an order for a freewill offering to be brought for the service of the sanctuary, and specifies the things to be brought, and for what uses, Exo_35:4 to which there was a ready compliance, and men and women, princes and the common people, everyone according to what they had in possession, brought and offered it freely, Exo_35:20 and for their encouragement, that their offering would not be in vain, they were informed there were two persons divinely inspired, to do, and teach to be done, all manner of work for the tabernacle, towards which they had made such a liberal and plentiful contribution, Exo_35:30.
Ahad Ha'am, one of the foremost Jewish writers of the last century, wrote: More than the Jewish people have preserved the Shabbat, the Shabbat has preserved the Jewish people.
In Genesis 2:1-3, Elohiym completed His creation, blessed the seventh day and called it 'holy'. It is noteworthy that Shabbat - the 7th day - is the very FIRST thing in scripture that is designated as 'holy' and nowhere in subsequent scriptures is there any justification for so designating any other day of the week. Shabbat is shabbat; there is no other.
The Sabbath was a cornerstone of Israelite religious practice from earliest times as can be seen from the consistent mention of the Sabbath throughout all of the Hebrew bible. Its observance is legislated repeatedly in general terms (Exodus 20:8-11; 23:12; 31:12-17; Leviticus 23:3; Deuteronomy 5:12-15), and among the types of prohibited are included the gathering food, plowing and reaping, kindling a fire, and chopping wood (Exodus 16:29-30; 34:21; 35:3; Numbers 15:32-36). The positive specifications of Sabbath observance include giving rest to one's servants and animals (Exodus 20:10; 23:12; Deuteronomy 5:14).
Sabbath observance took on an added significance during the days of the prophets who were active shortly before and during the period of exile in Babylon. Jeremiah attached the very fate of Jerusalem to the observance of the Sabbath (Jeremiah 17:19-27; cf. Nehemiah 13:17-18). Ezekiel subscribes to the same line of thought in equating the Sabbath with all other commandments (Ezekiel 20:11-24).
The prophecies in Isaiah 56:2-7 and 58:3-14 likewise single out the Sabbath as the primary commandment, observance of which will bring personal as well as national salvation. This is no small declaration and merits our serious attention, particularly in light of
Isaiah 66:22-24 in which we read, Isa 66:22 "For just as the new heavens and the new earth that I am making will continue in my presence," says Adonai, "so will your descendants and your name continue.
Isa 66:23 "Every month on Rosh-Hodesh and every week on Shabbat, everyone living will come to worship in my presence," says Adonai.
Isa 66:24 "As they leave, they will look on the corpses of the people who rebelled against me. For their worm will never die, and their fire will never be quenched; but they will be abhorrent to all humanity." ["Every month on Rosh-Hodesh and every week on Shabbat, everyone living will come to worship in my presence," says Adonai.]
Why is this day so obviously sacred to Adonai?
First of all, it is the eternal sign of His covenant with His people, the children of Israel. As such, our observance of it each week renews our devotion and commitment to His covenant with us, a renewal that honors Him. Ezekiel 20:12 re-iterates this concept.
Eze 20:12 I gave them my shabbats as a sign between me and them, so that they would know that I, Adonai, am the one who makes them holy.
Eze 20:13 " 'But the house of Isra'el rebelled against me in the desert. They did not live by my laws; and they rejected my rulings, which, if a person does, he will have life through them; moreover, they greatly profaned my shabbats. Then I said I would pour out my fury on them in the desert, in order to destroy them.
Our observance of Shabbat contributes heavily toward our every growing need to preserve our unique identity in the face of a hostile world. It is a statement we make every week that our Land, and ourselves belong to the holy One of Israel - a truth for which we are sublimely and continually grateful.
Shabbat is the greatest day of the week and its observance is a gift of inestimable value.
Sh’mot/ Exodus 36 -
Bezaleel and Aholiab, with the artificers under them, having a call as well as qualifications for the service of the sanctuary, and having received from Moshe the materials for it, set about it, Exo_36:1 but the people bringing more than was necessary, they acquaint Moses with it, who by a proclamation restrained from it, Exo_36:4 and next an account is given of the several things that were wrought by them, as first the curtains for the tabernacle, both of linen and goats' hair, and the coverings of them, Exo_36:8 next the boards for the tabernacle, and the sockets they were set in, and the bars for the boards, Exo_36:20 and then the vail which parted the most holy place from the holy place, and the hanging which divided between the holy place and the court, Exo_36:35.
Sh’mot/ Exodus 37 -
This chapter continues the account of the making of the tabernacle, and the furniture of it, particularly the ark, mercy seat, and cherubim, Exo_37:1 the shewbread table, and what appertained to that, Exo_37:10 the candlestick, and all the vessels of it, Exo_37:17 and the altar of incense, together with the anointing oil, and pure incense, Exo_37:25.
Sh’mot/ Exodus 38 -
This chapter is a continuation of the account of the making of the things belonging to the tabernacle, particularly the altar of burnt offering, Exo_38:1 the laver of brass, and the things it was made of, Exo_38:8 the court and its hangings, pillars, sockets, hooks and pins, Exo_38:9 then follows an account of the quantities of gold, silver, and brass, expended in the making of the several things appertaining to the sanctuary, Exo_38:21.
Exo 36:2 Then Moses called Bezalel and Oholiab and every skillful person in whom the LORD had put skill, everyone whose heart stirred him, to come to the work to perform it.
Exo 36:3 They received from Moses all the contributions which the sons of Israel had brought to perform the work in the construction of the sanctuary. And they still continued bringing to him freewill offerings every morning.
Exo 36:4 And all the skillful men who were performing all the work of the sanctuary came, each from the work which he was performing,
BRIT HADASHA/New Testament LESSON – The scriptures are very clear that people can easily become confused as to what the Lord requires for worship. During His ministry on earth, Yeshua needed to teach on the subject of worship(Yochanan/John 4:21-24)(Mattiyahu/Mat 4:10)(Mar 7:7). First, worship starts in the heart (Mar 12:32-33)(1Co 14:24-25). . We know, from scripture, that only the Lord can look into a person’s heart to truly know them. But this is the place where our acts of sin or righteousness are birthed. Just as the priests had to minister daily in the holy place to keep the lamp burning and to keep the incense burning and to keep the showbread table full of bread, so our hearts need such full-time attention.
We first need to be willing to worship God. He is truly able to take any of us as prisoner, but His desire is to be surrounded in eternity by those who chose freely to love him. He desires a deep abiding love. The Lord can see a superficial love in anyone’s heart. He desires one who is freely obedient to come before His throne in worship on only His terms. We must also realize that our whole lives in every day and everyplace can be an act of worship. It is again a choice we have to make.
Throughout the scriptures God shows us the proper steps to be successful in our walk, if we chose to follow those steps, we will be. The first step to true worship is to seek and stay under God’s covering (represented by the curtains and the over tent)(1Pet 3:6). The enemy of us all, Ha Satan will never get tired of trying to tear down your relationship with the Lord. So protect your connection to Yeshua under the covering of Abba, the Father.
Once you have a full covering, be sure you maintain it with support and skill to stand through the wind, the rain, the sun and the storms. (Represented by the beams, the hooks, the clasps and the cords (1Co 12:5-7)(2Th3: 2-3)). This requires the scriptures and deep prayer and fellowship with the body, sharing one another’s burdens.
Once the covering is completed then the delicate work of the holy place in your deepest being can take place uninterrupted by the enemy and the flesh. The heart (represented by the Ark of the Covenant), we are told by scripture, is the place where Yeshua dwells (Yochanan/John 14:20) in the believer. In order to receive instruction from the Father in Heaven (the mercy seat), the heart must be prepared for His holy presence to visit and to speak(Luke 3:4, 12:47). The heart must be nourished every day by the bread of life (Yochanan/John 6:35, 51)(represented by the showbread table), the Word and by Yeshua’s teachings and by Yeshua’s presence. In this way the heart grows stronger. Once the heart is protected and nourished with the word and breath of God, the light will shine forth. The light of God is a precious thing (Rev 21:11)(Mat 5:14-16)(represented by the Menorah) while the world is yet so filled with darkness (Mat 4:16)(Mat 10:27)(Luke 1:79)(John 3:19). The light in our hearts needs to be replenished and renewed every day(Luke 11:35-36) (John 12:36) (represented by the pure olive oil used to light the lampstand). After the heart receives the Lord, His teachings, and begins to burn bright with His light there comes maturity and strength and a calling (represented by the anointing oil)(1Cor 23-25)(Rev 19:10)(Heb 6:1)(Rom 11:29)(2Tim 1:9)(1Cor 14:20). This is the time when deep effective prayer can begin. The heart can move from self-inspection and remodeling onto deep concern for others more than ourselves (represented by the burning of incense)(Phi 2:3)(Gal 6:2). Intercession. Humble thanksgiving. Forgiveness. Deep worship. These rise like incense to His throne (Psa 141:2). In previous lessons we learned that, according to torah, sacrificial offerings must be done specifically as the Lord commands (Lev 2:13)). They cannot be made empty handed, nor can they be made without salt (Mar 9:49). If there is a problem or issue with a brother or sister in the Lord, things must be made right before the sacrifice is given (Mat 5:24). That is why it is at this stage we can be ready to offer sacrifices of praise(Heb 13:15), thanksgiving(Psa 116:17), fellowship, and worship (represented by the sacrificial altar (Mat 5:13)). This is a picture of the fruit of Yeshua’s work on the tree, His sacrifice of love for us(Eph 5:2). Because He poured out His blood we are washed clean of sin (represented by the washstand). We are instructed to be baptized in the water after we receive Yeshua (Mat 28:19). We are baptized in the Ruach Hakodesh (John 3:5)(Acts 10:47)to help us continue our walk in His power (Mat 3:11)(Tit 3:5).
Finally, we are ready to celebrate in the Lord’s courts of praise (represented by the outer enclosure). The people are called to gather and celebrate(Luke 24:53) His presence in their lives(2Ch 5:13-15). We are to worship Him in His holiness and draw near to Him in His courts(Luke 2:37). This is the fullness of the purpose of sharing the Gospel to all people. This is the true work of every believer. Of course we are told that the courts will be used for the place where the nations will gather (Rev 11:2)(Zec 14:16)to praise the Lord according to His desires and His ways at the time of the In-gathering(Rev 15:4). The courts are the largest area of the tabernacle construction and they fulfill a mighty purpose in the plan of God to draw the nations unto Him(Eph 2:14). We are to prepare ourselves to serve Him when that time arrives. This is also known as the great harvest (Zec 14:16-19) (Rev 14:15). The work of that time will require wisdom, knowledge, skill, strength and endurance. The Lord is looking for laborers who have all these characteristics, but also great joy. These will be the ones to serve in that place at that time.
Jas 1:19 Therefore, my dear brothers, let every person be quick to listen but slow to speak, slow to get angry;
Jas 1:20 for a person's anger does not accomplish God's righteousness!
Jas 1:21 So rid yourselves of all vulgarity and obvious evil, and receive meekly the Word implanted in you that can save your lives.
Jas 1:22 Don't deceive yourselves by only hearing what the Word says, but do it!
Jas 1:23 For whoever hears the Word but doesn't do what it says is like someone who looks at his face in a mirror,
Jas 1:24 who looks at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like.
Jas 1:25 But if a person looks closely into the perfect Torah, which gives freedom, and continues, becoming not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work it requires, then he will be blessed in what he does.
Jas 1:26 Anyone who thinks he is religiously observant but does not control his tongue is deceiving himself, and his observance counts for nothing.
Jas 1:27 The religious observance that God the Father considers pure and faultless is this: to care for orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being contaminated by the world.
TODAY’S TEMPLE – 1 Kefa/Peter 2: 1-5, Ephesians 2, Yochanan/John 4:1-42 In the world today, we see people all over the earth who have given themselves over to worshipping anything and anyone except the one true God. The biggest problem today is that all of these people do not even realize that they are sinning. This is because many people, including inside the body, do not understand God’s definition of worship. They do not know what worship is. As a disciple today, we must first make sure that we truly know what worship is by God’s standards. We must know what type of worship is acceptable to Him. Only then, can we teach others to worship the Lord according to His ways. Only then will we be capable of leading others in worshipping the one true God of Avraham, Yitzack & Ya’akov (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob). This is every believer’s task, to help those around us to draw near to the King of Kings and to lead as many people as we can to be present at the great in gathering. We need to make sure that the Lord’s invitation to the great wedding feast of the Lamb reaches all the people in time. We, as the disciples for this time, must ever be looking forward to the time when we will worship the Lord all day every day in His Kingdom.
As today’s Talmidim/disciples of Yeshua/Jesus we are to diligently study the Word so that we can skillfully take on the role of priest. Once we take on the role seriously, there is a step-by-step process prescribes by God to constructing His temple within each of us. Just as a carpenter cannot do his job without the proper workshop filled with the proper tools, neither can a priest minister to God and man without the temple, its furnishings, and tools
1Pe 2:3 if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is gracious:
1Pe 2:4 coming to him, a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God, precious.
1Pe 2:5 You also, as living stones, are built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Yeshua the Messiah.
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