Parash 50 Ki Tavo (When you come) D’varim/Deuteronomy 26:1 to 29:8
Moshe/Moses instructs the people of Israel: When you enter the land the “land flowing with milk and Honey” that God is giving to you as your eternal heritage, and you settle it and cultivate it, bring the first-ripened fruits (bikkurim) of your orchard to the Holy Temple, and declare your gratitude for all that God has done for you.
Our Parshah also includes the laws of the tithes given to the Levites, poor, and the widow. With detailed instructions on how to proclaim the blessings and the curses on Mount Grizzim and Mount Ebal -- as discussed in the beginning of the Parshah of Re'ei. Moshe reminds the people that they are God's chosen people, and that they, in turn, have agreed and covenanted and chosen God.
The latter part of Ki Tavo consists of the Tochachah ("Rebuke"). After listing the blessings with which God will reward the people when they follow the laws of the Torah. The Lord lays out how incredibly we would be blessed if we follow His simple mitzvahs. The Lord then gives a long, harsh account of the bad things -- illness, famine, poverty and exile -- that shall befall them if they abandon God's commandments.
The Lord concludes by reminding the people that there clothes nor there shoes wore out during there forty year journey in the harsh dessert. Today, forty years after their birth as a people, have they attained "a heart to know, eyes to see, and ears to hear" and will be blessed IF they observe the simple mitzvah’s of God.
Theme & Message –
Blessing & Curses the choice is yours. When we have 20/20 hind sight we see that all the things the Lord spoke to His chosen people has come and more to still come to pass because we refuse to follow His ways.
H5858 עיבל ‛êybâl BDB Definition: Ebal = “stone” or “bare mountain”
1) a son of Shobal (noun proper masculine)
2) mountain of cursing, north of Shechem and opposite Mount Gerizim (noun proper locative)
Part of Speech: see above in Definition
H1630 גּרזים gerizîym BDB Definition: Gerizim = “cuttings off”
1) a mountain in northern Israel in Ephraim near Shechem from which the blessings were read to the Israelites on entering Canaan; site of the Samaritan temple built after the captivity
Part of Speech: noun proper locative
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: plural of an unused noun from H1629
TORAH LESSON –
D’varim/Deuteronomy 26 -
With this chapter the Lord concludes the particular statutes which He thought fit to give Israel in charge at his parting with them; what follows is by way of sanction and ratification. In this chapter,
I. The Lord gives them a form of confession to be made by him that offered the basket of his “Bikkurim” first-fruits (Deu_26:1-11).
II. The protestation and prayer to be made after the disposal of the third year's tithe (Deu_26:12-15).
III. He binds on all the precepts he had given them, 1. By the divine authority: “Not I, but the Lord thy God has commanded thee to do these statutes” (Deu_26:16). 2. By the mutual covenant between God and them (Deu_26:17, etc.).
Inheritance is an important thing especially when it comes with a promise from God.
Deu 26:1 "When you have come to the land Adonai your God is giving you as your inheritance, taken possession of it and settled there;
Deu 26:2 you are to take the firstfruits of all the crops the ground yields, which you will harvest from your land that Adonai your God is giving you, put them in a basket and go to the place where Adonai your God will choose to have his name live.
We are told from the Lord what is required of us to partake in this inheritance. This is what is for Israel and those who get engrafted to her olive tree (Rom. 11). The Lord speaks later on in this parasha what happens to ALL those who don’t follow the rules. In these verses we see that the very first thing we are to do is give thanks to our King and our Maker ADONAI. This oblation of firstfruits was different front the sheaf of the firstfruits brought at barley harvest in the time of the Pesach/Passover, and from the two wave loaves of wheaten flour, at wheat harvest. These particular verses do not necessarily have to do with the biblical festival of Bikkurim (First fruits) it has more to do with a first fruit thanksgiving.
Deu 26:4 The cohen will take the basket from your hand and put it down in front of the altar of Adonai your God.
Deu 26:5 "Then, in the presence of Adonai your God, you are to say, 'My ancestor was a nomad from Aram. He went down into Egypt few in number and stayed. There he became a great, strong, populous nation.
Deu 26:6 But the Egyptians treated us badly; they oppressed us and imposed harsh slavery on us.
Deu 26:7 So we cried out to Adonai, the God of our ancestors. Adonai heard us and saw our misery, toil and oppression;
Deu 26:8 and Adonai brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand and a stretched-out arm, with great terror, and with signs and wonders.
There are not many times in scripture at all when ADONAI tells you what exactly to say and a particular offering.
Deu 26:10 Therefore, as you see, I have now brought the firstfruits of the land which you, Adonai, have given me.' You are then to put the basket down before Adonai your God, prostrate yourself before Adonai your God,
Deu 26:11 and take joy in all the good that Adonai your God has given you, your household, the Levi and the foreigner living with you.
Verse 11 speaks of taking care of the Levi and the Goyim (foreigner) living with you. But the key is we do it with joy because Adonai has blessed us so. We also see how ADONAI tells us that we must prostrate before HIM in this offering.
Deu 26:12 "After you have separated a tenth of the crops yielded in the third year, the year of separating a tenth, and have given it to the Levi, the foreigner, the orphan and the widow, so that they can have enough food to satisfy them while staying with you;
Deu 26:13 you are to say, in the presence of Adonai your God, 'I have rid my house of the things set aside for God and given them to the Levi, the foreigner, the orphan and the widow, in keeping with every one of the mitzvot you gave me. I haven't disobeyed any of your mitzvot or forgotten them.
Deu 26:14 I haven't eaten any of this food when mourning, I haven't put any of it aside when unclean, nor have I given any of it for the dead. I have listened to what Adonai my God has said, and I have done everything you ordered me to do.
Deu 26:15 Look out from your holy dwelling-place, from heaven; and bless your people Isra'el and the land you gave us, as you swore to our ancestors, a land flowing with milk and honey.'
H1616 גּיר / גּר gêr / gêyr BDB Definition: 1) sojourner 1a) a temporary inhabitant, a newcomer lacking inherited rights 1b) of foreigners in Israel, though conceded rights
Verse 12 the Lord tells us to set a part a special offering on the third year for the Levi, orphan and Goyim/sojourner living among us. In this verse we see the 10% we are supposed to ofeer up as a gift to ADONAI for those less fortunate than us. We also see exact wording we are supposed to say.
Deu 26:16 "Today Adonai your God orders you to obey these laws and rulings. Therefore, you are to observe and obey them with all your heart and all your being.
Deu 26:17 You are agreeing today that Adonai is your God and that you will follow his ways; observe his laws, mitzvot and rulings; and do what he says.
Deu 26:18 In turn Adonai is agreeing today that you are his own unique treasure, as he promised you; that you are to observe all his mitzvot;
Deu 26:19 and that he will raise you high above all the nations he has made, in praise, reputation and glory; and that, as he said, you will be a holy people for Adonai your God."
Verse 16-19 Our agreement to the terms of the contract God has given us. Also the promise of what the Lord will do for us if we follow the terms to His contract. This has all to do with what a vow is. How ADONAI takes His vow and how we should if we want His blessing (Lev. 27:2-13 and 37 other places)
D’varim/ Deuteronomy 27 -
Moshe having very largely and fully set before the people their duty, both to God and one another, in general and in particular instances, - having shown them plainly what is good, and what the law requires of them, - and having in the close of the foregoing chapter laid them under the obligation both of the command and the covenant, he comes in this chapter to prescribe outward means,
I. For the helping of their memories, that they might not forget the law as a strange thing. They must write all the words of this law upon stones (Deu_27:1-10).
II. For the moving of their affections, that they might not be indifferent to the law as a light thing. Whey they came into Canaan, the blessings and curses which were the sanctions of the law, were to be solemnly pronounced in the hearing of all Israel, who were to say Amen to them (v. 11-26). And if such a solemnity as this would not make a deep impression upon them, and affect them with the great things of God's law, nothing would.
Deu 27:1 Then Moshe and all the leaders of Isra'el gave orders to the people. They said, "Observe all the mitzvot I am giving you today.
Deu 27:2 When you cross the Yarden to the land Adonai your God is giving you, you are to set up large stones, put plaster on them,
Deu 27:3 and, after crossing over, write this Torah on them, every word - so that you can enter the land Adonai your God is giving you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as Adonai, the God of your ancestors, promised you.
Verse 2 the very first thing the Lord said is to set up the lime stones with His Commitments on them. Plaster them with plaster - Perhaps the original ושדת אתם בשיד vesadta otham bassid should be translated, Thou shalt cement them with cement, because this was intended to be a durable monument. In similar cases it was customary to set up a single stone, or a heap, rudely put together, where no cement or mortar appears to have been used; and because this was common, it was necessary to give particular directions when the usual method was not to be followed. Some suppose that the writing was to be in relievo, and that the spaces between the letters were filled up by the mortar or cement.
Deu 27:5 There you are to erect an altar to Adonai your God, an altar made of stones. You are not to use any iron tool on them,
Deu 27:6 but are to build the altar of Adonai your God of uncut stones; and you are to offer burnt offerings on it to Adonai your God.
Deu 27:7 Also you are to sacrifice peace offerings, eat there and be joyful in the presence of Adonai your God.
Deu 27:8 You are to write on the stones all the words of this Torah very clearly."
Very plainly; so that they might be easily read; in seventy languages, according to the Jewish writers; which they say was done, that whoever would learn the law might learn it, and so the Gentiles had no excuse. This is also to say these are the rules of this land to all those who wish to be part. You are not to come in a try and change them. Here we see one of the offerings of peace. ADONAI law “Teachings” are peace to those who love Him.
Verse 8: the word says clearly. H874 בּאר bâ'ar BDB Definition:1) (Piel) 1a) to make plain, distinct 1b) to make clear 1c) to declare 1d) letters on a tablet
The Lord’s word is plain for those who want to know the truth.
Verse 9 the Lord tells us to listen carefully. He is letting us know once again that we are set apart from the world. Brit HaDasha:1 Kefa 2:1-9
Deu 27:9 Next Moshe and the cohanim, who are L'vi'im, spoke to all Isra'el. They said, "Be quiet; and listen, Isra'el! Today you have become the people of Adonai your God.
Deu 27:10 Therefore you are to listen to what Adonai your God says and obey his mitzvot and laws, which I am giving you today."
To be silent before or King. H5535 סכת sâkath BDB Definition: 1) to be silent 1a) (Hiphil) to keep silence, show silence Part of Speech: verb
ADONAI is sating be quit so that you don’t miss a word of what HE is about to say to His people. As we see the sakath is a verb and an action required by the Chosen people.
Deu 27:14 The L'vi'im, speaking loudly, will proclaim to every man of Isra'el:
Deu 27:15 " 'A curse on anyone who makes a carved or metal image, something Adonai detests, the handiwork of a craftsman, and sets it up in secret!' All the people are to respond by saying, 'Amen!'
Verse 11-26 The promises and the curses the choice is ours. As previously spoken about the word VOW. When we say AMEN we are making a vow to the statement that is being given. When we study this particular scripture we see that it has come to pass throughout history. It is truly amazing.
dishonors his father or mother
moves his neighbor's boundary marker
who causes a blind person to lose his way on the road
interferes with justice for the foreigner, orphan or widow
sexual relations with his father's wife,
sexual relations with any kind of animal.
sexual relations with his sister
sexual relations with his mother-in-law
secretly attacks a fellow member of the community
accepts a bribe to kill an innocent person
Deu 27:25 " 'A curse on anyone who accepts a bribe to kill an innocent person.' All the people are to say, 'Amen!'
As an assassin, to murder him privately; or as a judge, that takes a bribe to condemn to death an innocent person: a false witness; one that swears a man's life away for the sake of a reward given him. This is what Yehudah (Judas) did.
Mar 14:10 Then Y'hudah from K'riot, who was one of the Twelve, went to the head cohanim in order to betray Yeshua to them.
Mar 14:11 They were pleased to hear this and promised to give him money. And he began looking for a good opportunity to betray Yeshua.
Mar 14:17 When evening came, Yeshua arrived with the Twelve.
Mar 14:18 As they were reclining and eating, Yeshua said, "Yes! I tell you that one of you is going to betray me."
Mar 14:19 They became upset and began asking him, one after the other, "You don't mean me, do you?"
Mar 14:20 "It's one of the Twelve," he said to them, "someone dipping matzah in the dish with me.
Mar 14:21 For the Son of Man will die, just as the Tanakh says he will; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for him had he never been born!"
Deu 27:26 " 'A curse on anyone who does not confirm the words of this Torah by putting them into practice.' All the people are to say, 'Amen!'
Many people when they can see the prize in there sight will agree to anything but they may not think it through. We see ADONAI will hold you accountable even if you did not really think things through.
D’varim/ Deuteronomy 28 -
This chapter is a very large exposition of two words in the foregoing chapter, the blessing and the curse. Those were pronounced blessed in general that were obedient, and those cursed that were disobedient; but, because generals are not so affecting, Moses here descends to particulars, and describes the blessing and the curse, not in their fountains (these are out of sight, and therefore the most considerable, yet least considered, the favor of God the spring of all the blessings, and the wrath of God the spring of all the curses), but in their streams, the sensible effects of the blessing and the curse, for they are real things and have real effects.
I. He describes the blessings that should come upon them if they were obedient; personal, family, and especially national, for in that capacity especially they are here treated with (Deu_28:1-14).
II. He more largely describes the curses which would come upon them if they were disobedient; such as would be, I. Their extreme vexation (v. 15-44). 2. Their utter ruin and destruction at last (v. 45-68). This chapter is much to the same purport with Lev. 26, setting before them life and death, good and evil; and the promise, in the close of that chapter, of their restoration, upon their repentance, is here likewise more largely repeated, ch. 30. Thus, as they had precept upon precept in the repetition of the law, so they had line upon line in the repetition of the promises and threatening. And these are both there and here delivered, not only as sanctions of the law, what should be conditionally, but as predictions of the event, what would be certainly, that for a while the people of Israel would be happy in their obedience, but that at length they would be undone by their disobedience; and therefore it is said (Deu_30:1) that all those things would come upon them, both the blessing and the curse.
The beginning of this chapter has a very small word with a great meaning H518 אם 'im BDB Definition: 1) if 1a) conditional clauses
Deu 28:1 "If you listen closely to what Adonai your God says, observing and obeying all his mitzvot which I am giving you today, Adonai your God will raise you high above all the nations on earth;
Deu 28:2 and all the following blessings will be yours in abundance - if you will do what Adonai your God says:
ADONAI is telling His children we will be the only ones that are on top. The Jewish people because He chose us. If we follow these very simple rules then there will not be another nation like us at all. Today if Israel did this they would be higher than 189 other countries.
Deu 28:3 "A blessing on you in the city, and a blessing on you in the countryside.
Deu 28:4 "A blessing on the fruit of your body, the fruit of your land and the fruit of your livestock - the young of your cattle and flocks.
Deu 28:5 "A blessing on your grain-basket and kneading-bowl.
Deu 28:6 "A blessing on you when you go out, and a blessing on you when you come in.
Blessings of respect. Blessing of many children and this was a sign of wealth, blessings on your farm and this was counted as money, they will call you blessed.
Deu 28:7 "Adonai will cause your enemies attacking you to be defeated before you; they will advance on you one way and flee before you seven way
You will live in safety.
Deu 28:9 "Adonai will establish you as a people separated out for himself, as he has sworn to you - if you will observe the mitzvot of Adonai your God and follow his ways.
Deu 28:10 Then all the peoples on earth will see that Adonai's name, his presence, is with you; so that they will be afraid of you.
The evil that is in this world we see that the hand of ADONAI is around you and it can not touch you.
Deu 28:11 "Adonai will give you great abundance of good things - of the fruit of your body, the fruit of your livestock and the fruit of your land in the land Adonai swore to your ancestors to give you.
There won’t just be just a little in abundance but overflowing. If…
Deu 28:12 Adonai will open for you his good treasure, the sky, to give your land its rain at the right seasons and to bless everything you undertake. You will lend to many nations and not borrow;
Much of Russia would like the rain now. The end of this line is so very telling about America today. How we were once lending to many nations but now because of our sin of laziness and pornography, drugs our government now has the biggest national debt ever.
Deu 28:13 Adonai will make you the head and not the tail; and you will be only above, never below - if you will listen to, observe and obey the mitzvot of Adonai your God
Deu 28:14 and not turn away from any of the words I am ordering you today, neither to the right nor to the left, to follow after other gods and serve them.
Who would not want to be the head of all things? Conversely who wants to be the smelly end? If…so when did ADONAI say to eat ham, put up a Christ mass tree or worship on Sunday? Could it be that you are serving another god?
Verse 14 The Lord exhorts us to stay on the straight path and the narrow way. (see below NT)
Deu 28:15 "But if you refuse to pay attention to what Adonai your God says, and do not observe and obey all his mitzvot and regulations which I am giving you today, then all the following curses will be yours in abundance:
Now if we don’t listen to the all knowing one we will get the opposite of all the blessings.
Deu 28:27 Adonai will strike you down with the boils that broke out on the Egyptians, tumors, skin lesions and itching, all incurable.
Review or study on Pesach and the Plagues to see the gods we are going after.
Deu 28:37 You will be so devastated as to become a proverb and a laughingstock among all the peoples to which Adonai will drive you.
Has not this happened to the Jewish people after the destruction of the Temple?
Deu 28:47 Because you didn't serve Adonai your God with joy and gladness in your heart when you had such an abundance of everything;
This all happens because of heart trouble and wondering eyes. If our hearts were His heart then we would be in love with what He loves. If our eyes did not have to wander and say what is over there.
Deu 28:49 Yes, Adonai will bring against you a nation from far away that will swoop down on you from the end of the earth like a vulture, a nation whose language you don't understand,
What was Rome’s symbol?
Deu 28:50 a nation grim in appearance, whose people neither respect the old nor pity the young.
Deu 28:51 They will devour the offspring of your livestock and the produce of your soil, until you have been destroyed. They will leave you without grain, wine, olive oil, or your young cattle and sheep - until they have caused you to perish.
Deu 28:52 They will besiege all your towns until your high, fortified walls, in which you trusted, collapse everywhere in your land, which Adonai your God gave you.
Verse 52. They will besiege the walls. What happened to the temple? Masada and the last hold out.
Deu 28:53 Then, because of the severity of the siege and distress that your enemies are inflicting on you, you will eat the offspring of your own body, the flesh of your own sons and daughters, whom Adonai your God has given you.
This is a prophecy. This is what occurred on Masada.
Deu 28:53 Then, because of the severity of the siege and distress that your enemies are inflicting on you, you will eat the offspring of your own body, the flesh of your own sons and daughters, whom Adonai your God has given you.
In this part of the Parash the Lord is telling us that if we turn from His ways what He will allow to happen to us. How each and every man will do what is right in his own mind. Each person will even turn on there own family. Messiah tells those around Him and us through the Scriptures that each and every one of us must choose the Lord’s ways.
Luk 12:44 Yes, I tell you he will put him in charge of all he owns.
Luk 12:45 But if that servant says to himself, 'My master is taking his time coming,' and starts bullying the men- and women-servants, and eating and drinking, getting drunk,
Luk 12:46 then his master will come on a day when the servant isn't expecting him, at a time he doesn't know in advance; his master will cut him in two and put him with the disloyal.
Luk 12:47 Now the servant who knew what his master wanted but didn't prepare or act according to his will, will be whipped with many lashes;
Luk 12:48 however, the one who did what deserves a beating, but didn't know, will receive few lashes. From him who has been given much, much will be demanded — from someone to whom people entrust much, they ask still more.
Luk 12:49 "I have come to set fire to the earth! And how I wish it were already kindled!
Luk 12:50 I have an immersion to undergo — how pressured I feel till it's over!
Luk 12:51 Do you think that I have come to bring peace in the Land? Not peace, I tell you, but division!
Luk 12:52 For from now on, a household of five will be divided, three against two, two against three.
Luk 12:53 Father will be divided against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."
Deu 28:58 "If you will not observe and obey all the words of this Torah that are written in this book, so that you will fear this glorious and awesome name, Adonai your God;
A loving second warning from ADONAI. Once again reminds His children about Egypt.
Deu 28:64 Adonai will scatter you among all peoples from one end of the earth to the other, and there you will serve other gods, made of wood and stone, which neither you nor your ancestors have known.
Deu 28:65 Among these nations you will not find repose, and there will be no rest for the sole of your foot; rather Adonai will give you there anguish of heart, dimness of eyes and apathy of spirit.
Deu 28:66 Your life will hang in doubt before you; you will be afraid night and day and have no assurance that you will stay alive.
Deu 28:67 In the morning you will say, 'Oh, how I wish it were evening!' and in the evening you will say, 'Oh, how I wish it were morning!' - because of the fear overwhelming your heart and the sights your eyes will see.
Deu 28:68 Finally, Adonai will bring you back in ships to Egypt, the place of which I said to you, 'You will never ever see it again'; and there you will try to sell yourselves as slaves to your enemies, but no one will buy you."
Here we see the prophecy of what would happen in 70AD. And also what would happen just before WWII and thereafter to most Jews.
D’varim/ Deuteronomy 29 -
The first words of this chapter are the contents of it, “These are the words of the covenant” (Deu_29:1), that is, these that follow. Here is,
I. A recital of God's dealings with them, in order to the bringing of them into this covenant (Deu_29:2-8).
II. A solemn charge to them to keep the covenant (Deu_29:9).
III. An abstract of the covenant itself (Deu_29:12, Deu_29:13).
IV. A specification of the persons taken into the covenant (Deu_29:10, Deu_29:11, Deu_29:14, Deu_29:15).
V. An intimation of the great design of this covenant against idolatry, in a parenthesis (Deu_29:16, Deu_29:17).
VI. A most solemn and dreadful denunciation of the wrath of God against such persons as promise themselves peace in a sinful way (Deu_29:18-28). VII. The conclusion of this treaty, with a distinction between things secret and things revealed (Deu_29:29).
Verse 4 the Lord reminds us how in the dessert alone with Him our clothes did not wear out, our shoes did not break and we were pure from intoxicating liquor.
BRIT HADASHA LESSON –
Kefa Aleph 2:1-9 A royal priesthood
Mettiyahu 7:1-14 the Narrow gate
Luke 12:44-53 Division in the home. Each makes there own choice.
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