Parash 12

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Parash 12 Vayechi Genesis 47:28-50:26 He lived


Synopsis – Ya’acov/Jacob lives the final 17 years of his life in Egypt. Before his passing, he asks Yoseph/Joseph to take an oath that he will bury him in the Holy Land. He blesses Yoseph's two sons, Menasseh and Ephraim, elevating them to the status of his own sons as progenitors of tribes within the nation of Israel.

The patriarch desires to reveal the end of days to his children, but is prevented from doing so. Ya’akov/Jacob blesses his sons, assigning to each his role as a tribe: Yehudah/Judah will produce leaders, legislators and kings; priests will come from Levi, scholars from Issachar, seafarers from Zebulun, schoolteachers from Shimon, soldiers from Gad, judges from Dan, olive growers from Asher, and so on. Reuben is rebuked for "confusing his father's marriage"; Shimon and Levi for the massacre of Shechem and the plot against Joseph. Naphtali is granted the swiftness of a deer, Benjamin the ferociousness of a wolf, and Joseph is blessed with beauty and fertility.

A large funeral procession consisting of Jacob's descendants, Pharaoh's ministers, the leading citizens of Egypt and the Egyptian cavalry accompanies Jacob on his final journey to the Holy Land, where he is buried in the Machpeilah Cave in Hebron.

Yoseph, too, dies in Egypt, at the age of 110. He, too, instructs that his bones be taken out of Egypt and buried in the Holy Land, but this would come to pass only with the Israelites' Exodus from Egypt many years later. Before his passing, Yoseph conveys to the Children of Israel the testament from which they will draw their hope and faith in the difficult years to come: "God will surely remember you, and bring you up out of this land to the land of which he swore to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob."



Hebrew Meanings:

H7205  ראוּבן  re'ûbên  BDB Definition: Reuben = “behold a son”

H8095  שׁמעון  shim‛ôn  BDB Definition: Simeon or Shimeon = “heard”

H3878  לוי  lêvîy  BDB Definition: Levi = “joined to”

H3063  יהוּדה  yehûdâh  BDB Definition: Judah = “praised”

H2074  זבוּלן  /  זבלוּן  /  זבוּלוּן  zebûlûn  /  zebûlûn  BDB Definition: Zebulun = “exalted”

H3485  ישּׂשׂכר  yiśśâśkâr  BDB Definition: Issachar = “there is recompense”

H1835  דּן  dân  BDB Definition:Dan = “a judge”

H1410  גּד  gâd  BDB Definition: Gad = “troop”

H836  אשׁר  'âshêr  BDB Definition:Asher = “happy”

H5321  נפתּלי  naphtâlîy  BDB Definition:  Naphtali = “wrestling”

H3130  יוסף  yôsêph BDB Definition: Joseph = “Yehovah has added”

H1144  בּנימין  binyâmîyn  BDB Definition: Benjamin = “son of the right hand”

H4519  מנשּׁה  menashsheh  BDB Definition:Manasseh = “causing to forget”

H669  אפרים  'ephrayim  BDB Definition: Ephraim = “double ash-heap: I shall be doubly fruitful”


El Shaddai= Lord Almighty


H6307  פדּן ארם  /  פּדּן  paddân  /  paddan 'ărâm  BDB Definition: Padan or Padan-aram = “field”

H7354  רחל  râchêl BDB Definition: Rachel = “ewe”

H672  אפרתה  /  אפרת  ephrâth  /  'ephrâthâh  BDB Definition: Ephrath or Ephratah = “ash-heap: place of fruitfulness”





This chapter gives an account of the presentation of five of Yoseph/Joseph's brethren, and then of his father, to Pharaoh, and of what passed between them, Gen_47:1; of Yoseph/Joseph's settlement of them, according to the direction of Pharaoh, in the land of Rameses in Goshen, and of his provision for them there, Gen_47:11; of his getting into his hands, for Pharaoh, the money, cattle, and lands, of the Egyptians, excepting the lands belonging to the priests, for corn he had supplied them with, Gen_47:13; of his giving them seed to sow with, on condition of Pharaoh's having a fifth part of the produce, Gen_47:23, of the increase of Ya’akov/Jacob's substance in Egypt, and that of his children; of the time of his living there, and his approaching death, when he called Yoseph/Joseph to him, and obliged him by an oath to bury him in the burying place of his fathers, Gen_47:27.


Gen 47:28  Ya`akov lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years. So the days of Ya`akov, the years of his life, were one hundred forty-seven years.


So why did Ya’akov live 147 years? The Lord knows the beginning from the end. In Tehillim (Psalm) 147 you see an interesting thread from Adonai.


Psa 147:1  Praise the LORD, for it is good to sing praises to our God; for it is pleasant and fitting to praise him.

Psa 147:2  The LORD builds up Yerushalayim. He gathers together the outcasts of Yisra'el.

Psa 147:3  He heals the broken in heart, and binds up their wounds.

Psa 147:4  He counts the number of the stars. He calls them all by their names.

Psa 147:5  Great is our Lord, and mighty in power. His understanding is infinite.

Psa 147:6  The LORD upholds the humble. He brings the wicked down to the ground.

Psa 147:7  Sing to the LORD with thanksgiving. Sing praises on the harp to our God,

Psa 147:8  who covers the sky with clouds, who prepares rain for the earth, who makes grass grow on the mountains.

Psa 147:9  He provides food for the livestock, and for the young ravens when they call.



Gen 47:29  The time drew near that Yisra'el must die, and he called his son Yosef, and said to him, "If now I have found favor in your sight, please put your hand under my thigh


“Put thy hand under my thigh” Gen 24:2. He binds Yoseph by a solemn asseveration to carry his mortal remains to the land of promise.





Yoseph/Joseph, hearing that his father Ya’akov/Jacob was sick, paid him a visit, Gen 49:1; at which time Ya’akov/Jacob gave him an account of the Lord's appearing to him at Luz, and of the promise he made unto him, Gen 49:3; then he adopted his two sons, Efrayim/Ephraim and Menasheh/Manasseh, and blessed them, and Yoseph/Joseph also, Gen 49:5; and whereas he crossed his hands when he blessed the sons of Yoseph/Joseph, putting his right hand on the youngest, and his left hand on the eldest, which was displeasing to Yoseph/Joseph, he gave him a reason for so doing, Gen 49:17; and then assured him that God would bring him, and the rest of his posterity, into the land of Canaan, where he assigned him a particular portion above his brethren, Gen 49:21.



Gen 48:5  Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you into Egypt, are mine; Efrayim and Menasheh, even as Re'uven and Shim`on, will be mine.

Gen 48:5 - And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh,.... Ephraim was the youngest, but is mentioned first, as he afterwards was preferred in the blessing of him:

which were born to you in the land of Egypt, before I came to you in Egypt. Jacob had been in Egypt seventeen years, and he came there when there had been two years of famine, and Joseph's sons were born to him before the years of famine began, Gen 41:50; of these Jacob says, they are mine: as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine; that is, by adoption; should be reckoned not as his grandchildren, but as his children, even as his two eldest sons, Reuben and Simeon; and so should be distinct tribes or heads of them, as his sons would be, and have a distinct part and portion in the land of Canaan; and thus the birthright was transferred from Reuben, because of his incest, to Joseph, who in his posterity had a double portion assigned him.


This is also a shadow of Israel and the Body. How these two people are engrafted into the house of Ya’akov (Israel). But the younger is placed at the head for a time. How the Body has been given headship over the older brother for a time.


Gen 48:7  As for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died by me in the land of Kena`an in the way, when there was still some distance to come to Efrat, and I buried her there in the way to Efrat (the same is Beit-Lechem)."

The same is Bethlehem; that is, Ephrath; and so Bethlehem is called Bethlehem Ephratah, Mic_5:2; whether these are the words of Ya’akov/Jacob, or of Moshe/Moses, is not certain, but said with a view to the Messiah, the famous seed of Jacob that should be born there, and was.


Mic 5:1  Now you shall gather yourself in troops, daughter of troops. He has laid siege against us. They will strike the judge of Yisra'el with a rod on the cheek.

Mic 5:2  But you, Beit-Lechem Efratah, being small among the clans of Yehudah, out of you one will come forth to me that is to be ruler in Yisra'el; whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting.

Mic 5:3  Therefore he will abandon them until the time that she who is in labor gives birth. Then the rest of his brothers will return to the children of Yisra'el.


Why is this important?

Mat 2:4  Gathering together all the chief Kohanim and scribes of the people, he asked them where the Messiah would be born.

Mat 2:5  They said to him, "In Beit-Lechem of Yehudah, for thus it is written through the prophet,

Mat 2:6  'You Beit-Lechem, land of Yehudah, are in no way least among the princes of Yehudah: for out of you shall come forth a governor, who shall shepherd my people, Yisra'el.'"



Gen 48:11  Yisra'el said to Yosef, "I didn't think I would see your face, and behold, God has let me see your seed also."


So Yosef was able to see not only his son again but the deliverer of his people. Many times the Lord will give visions to people about some very special topics. Topics they will fulfill before they die. But once we see how all scripture is tied together you will see another who has to see the Messiah’


Luk 2:26  It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord's Messiah.

Luk 2:27  He came in the Spirit into the temple. When the parents brought in the child, Yeshua, that they might do concerning him according to the requirement of the Torah,

Luk 2:28  then he received him into his arms, and blessed God, and said,

Luk 2:29  "Now you are releasing your servant, Master, according to your word, in peace;

Luk 2:30  for my eyes have seen your yeshu`ah,

Luk 2:31  which you have prepared before the face of all peoples;

Luk 2:32  a light for revelation to the nations, and the glory of your people Yisra'el."



Gen 48:15  He blessed Yosef, and said, "The God before whom my fathers Avraham and Yitzchak did walk, the God who has fed me all my life long to this day,

Gen 48:16  the angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads, and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Avraham and Yitzchak. Let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth."


Gen 48:16 - The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads,.... Ephraim and Manasseh, now about twenty years old or upwards: this is not to be understood of a created angel he wishes to be their guardian, but of an eternal one, the Son of God, the Angel of God's presence, the Angel of the covenant; the same with the God of his father before mentioned, as appears by the character he gives him, as having "redeemed him from all evil"; not only protected and preserved him from temporal evils and imminent dangers.





This chapter contains a prophecy of future things, relating to the twelve sons of Ya’akov/Jacob, and to the twelve tribes, as descending from them, and which he delivered to his sons on his death bed, having called them together for that purpose, Gen_49:1, he begins with Reuven/Reuben his firstborn, whose incest he takes notice of, on which account he should not excel, Gen_49:3, next Shimon/Simeon and Levi have a curse denounced on them for their cruelty at Shechem, Gen_49:5, but Yehudah/Judah is praised, and good things prophesied of him; and particularly that Shiloh, or the Messiah, should spring from him, the time of whose coming is pointed at, Gen_49:7, the predictions concerning Zevulan/Zebulun, Ishicar/Issachar, and Dan, follow, at the close of which Jacob expresses his longing expectation of God's salvation, Gen_49:13 and after foretelling what should befall Gad, Asher, and Naphtali, Gen_49:19, a large account is given of Yosef/Joseph, his troubles, his trials, and his blessings, Gen_49:22, and Benyamin/Benjamin the youngest son is taken notice of last of all, all the tribes being blessed in their order according to the nature of their blessing, Gen_49:27, and the chapter is closed with a charge of Ya’acov/Jacob's to his sons to bury him in Canaan, which having delivered, he died, Gen_49:29. 

This chapter is about the blessing on the “Children of Israel”. The reader should take the time to truly read these blessings. There is a wealth of knowledge about the Lord.


Key Verses:

Gen 49:8  "Yehudah, your brothers will praise you. Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies. Your father's sons will bow down before you.

Gen 49:9  Yehudah is a lion's cub. From the prey, my son, you have gone up. He stooped down, he crouched as a lion, as a lioness. Who will rouse him up?

Gen 49:10  The scepter will not depart from Yehudah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs. To him will the obedience of the peoples be.

Gen 49:11  Binding his foal to the vine, his donkey's colt to the choice vine; he has washed his garments in wine, his robes in the blood of grapes.

Gen 49:12  His eyes will be red with wine, his teeth white with milk.


Yehudah “one who praises God”. Verse 9 is about the Messiah’s life. From a child He became like one of us. The Son that went up but also who came down.


Verse 10:  The Scepter will not depart from Yehudah. Yeshua is from this tribe. The obedience of the peoples. In Hebrew the word peoples H5971 עם  ‛am  BDB Definition:  1) nation, people

1a) people, nation. To Him will the obedience of the GOYIM (GENTILES).


Verse 11: The foreshadow of Messiah riding the donkey into Jerusalem on the foal.


Verse 12: Red with wine. Teeth a white as snow. The word coming from the Lords mouth is pure.

Rev 1:13  And among the menorot was one like a son of man, clothed with a robe reaching down to his feet, and with a golden sash around his chest.

Rev 1:14  His head and his hair were white as white wool, like snow. His eyes were like a flame of fire.



This chapter also points to the gathering of the Children of Israel in the end of days Rev 7:4-14.

The interesting thing is Dan is missing. In chapter 49 of Beresheet Dan is given the blessing of “Biting the hoses heel”


Gen 49:17  Dan will be a serpent in the way, an adder in the path, That bites the horse's heels, so that his rider falls backward.

Gen 49:18  I have waited for your yeshu`ah, LORD.


The Lord also uses this analogy in

Gen 3:15  I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel."


You see the Lord for His purpose putting distance between Himself and the tribe of Dan.





This chapter contains a short account of what happened from the death of Ya’akov/ Jacob to the death of Yoseph/Joseph, and is chiefly concerned with the funeral of Ya’akov/Jacob; it first gives an account how Yoseph/Joseph was affected with his father's death, of his orders to the physicians to embalm him, and of the time of their embalming him, and of the Egyptians mourning for him, Gen_50:1, next of his request to Pharaoh to give him leave to go and bury his father in Canaan, and his grant of it, Gen_50:4 and then of the grand funeral procession thither, the mourning made for Ya’akov/Jacob, and his interment according to his orders, Gen_50:7 upon the return of Yoseph/Joseph and his brethren to Egypt, they fearing his resentment of their former usage of him, entreat him to forgive them; which they said they did at the direction of their father, to which Yoseph/Joseph readily agreed, and comforted them, and spoke kindly to them, and bid them not fear any hurt from him, for whatever were their intention, God meant it, and had overruled it for good, Gen_50:14 and the chapter is concluded with an account of Joseph's age and death, and of his posterity he saw before his death, and of the charge he gave to his brethren to carry his bones with them, when they should depart from Egypt, Gen_50:22.


Gen 50:3  Forty days were fulfilled for him, for that is how many the days it takes to embalm. The Egyptians wept for him for seventy days.


Forty is the Hebrew number of completion.

Gen_50:1-3 (BARNES)

After the natural outburst of sorrow for his deceased parent, Yoseph/Joseph gave orders to embalm the body, according to the custom of Egypt. “His servants, the physicians.” As the grand vizier of Egypt, he has physicians in his retinue. The classes and functions of the physicians in Egypt may be learned from Herodotus (ii. 81-86). There were special physicians for each disease; and the embalmers formed a class by themselves. “Forty days” were employed in the process of embalming; “seventy days,” including the forty, were devoted to mourning for the dead. Herodotus mentions this number as the period of embalming. Diodorus (i. 91) assigns upwards of thirty days to the process. It is probable that the actual process was continued for forty days, and that the body lay in natron for the remaining thirty days of mourning. See Hengstenberg’s B. B. Mos. u. Aeg., and Rawlinson’s Herodotus.



Gen 50:7  Yosef went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Par`oh, the elders of his house, all the elders of the land of Egypt,


Gen 50:7 - And Joseph went up to bury his father,.... According to his request; having obtained leave of Pharaoh, and being desirous of paying his last respects, and doing his last office to so dear a parent, with all the honour and decency this service could be done with: and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh; a great number of them, some must be left to wait upon him; who these were the next words explain: the elders of his house: his senators and counsellors, his courtiers and principal officers of state: and all the elders of the land of Egypt; governors of provinces and cities, the chief officers, civil and military; all which was done by the orders of Pharaoh, out of respect to Joseph and his family, and to make the funeral procession grand and honourable.


Gen 50:11  When the inhabitants of the land, the Kena`anim, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, "This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians." Therefore, the name of it was called Avel-Mitzrayim, which is beyond the Yarden.

Gen 50:10-11 – K&D

Thus they came to Goren Atad beyond the Jordan, as the procession did not take the shortest route by Gaza through the country of the Philistines, probably because so large a procession with a military escort was likely to meet with difficulties there, but went round by the Dead Sea. There, on the border of Canaan, a great mourning and funeral ceremony was kept up for seven days, from which the Canaanites, who watched it from Canaan, gave the place the name of Abel-mizraim, i.e., meadow (אבל with a play upon אבל mourning) of the Egyptians. The situation of Goren Atad (the buck-thorn floor), or Abel-mizraim, has not been discovered 


Gen 50:19  Yosef said to them, "Don't be afraid, for am I in the place of God?

Gen 50:20  As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save many people alive.


H329  אטד'âṭâd

BDB Definition:1) bramble, thorn, buckthorn, 2) the threshing Atad, meaning thorn, also called Abelmizraim and afterwards called Bethhogla was located on the west of Jordan between the Jordan and Jericho





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