Parash 13 Sh'mot/Exodus

Chapter 8-9

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Parash 14 Va'eira “I Appeared” Sh’mot (Exodus) 6:2-9:35



God reveals Himself to Moshe/Moses. Employing the "four expressions of redemption," He promises to take out the Children of Israel from Egypt, deliver them from their enslavement, redeem them and acquire them as His own chosen people at Mount Sinai; He will then bring them to the Land He promised to the Patriarchs as their eternal heritage.

Moses and Aaron repeatedly come before Pharaoh to demand in the name of God, "Let My people go, so that they may serve Me in the wilderness." Pharaoh repeatedly refuses. Aaron's staff turns into a snake and swallows the magic sticks of the Egyptian sorcerers. God then sends a series of plagues upon the Egyptians.

The waters of the Nile turn to blood; swarms of frogs overrun the land; lice infest all men and beasts. Hordes of wild animals invade the cities, a pestilence kills the domestic animals, painful boils afflict the Egyptians. For the seventh plague, fire and ice combine to descend from the skies as a devastating hail. Still, "the heart of Pharaoh was hardened and he would not let the children of Israel go; as God had said to Moses."


Hebrew Meanings:

H4872  משׁה  môsheh BDB Definition: Moses = “drawn from the water”

H175  אהרון  'ahărôn  BDB Definition: Aaron = “light bringer”

H4714  מצרים  mitsrayim BDB Definition: Egyptians = “double straits”

H1657  גּשׁן  gôshen BDB Definition: Goshen = “drawing near”



Sh’mot/Exodus 6 -

God encourages Moshe/Moses, and promises to show wonders upon Pharaoh, and to bring out his people with a strong hand, Exo_6:1. He confirms this promise by his essential name Yehovah, Exo_6:2, Exo_6:3; by the covenant he had made with their fathers, Exo_6:4, Exo_6:5. Sends Moshe with a fresh message to the Hebrews, full of the most gracious promises, and confirms the whole by appealing to the name in which his unchangeable existence is implied, Exo_6:6-8. Moshe delivers the message to the Israelites, but through anguish of spirit they do not believe, Exo_6:9. He receives a new commission to go to Pharaoh, Exo_6:10, Exo_6:11. He excuses himself on account of his unreadiness of speech, Exo_6:12. The Lord gives him and Aaron a charge both to Pharaoh and to the children of Israel, Exo_6:13. The genealogy of Reuben, Exo_6:14; of Simeon, Exo_6:15; of Levi, from whom descended Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, Exo_6:16. The sons of Gershon, Exo_6:17; of Kohath, Exo_6:15; of Merari, Exo_6:19. The marriage of Amram and Jochebed, Exo_6:20. The sons of Izhar and Uzziel, the brothers of Amram, Exo_6:21, Exo_6:22. Marriage of Aaron and Elisheba, and the birth of their sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar, Exo_6:23. The sons of Korah, the nephew of Aaron, Exo_6:24. The marriage of Eleazar to one of the daughters of Putiel, and the birth of Phinehas, Exo_6:25. These genealogical accounts introduced for the sake of showing the line of descent of Moses and Aaron, Exo_6:26, Exo_6:27. A recapitulation of the commission delivered to Moses and Aaron, Exo_6:29, and a repetition of the excuse formerly made by Moses, Exo_6:30.


Exo 6:2  God spoke to Moshe; he said to him, "I am Adonai.

Exo 6:3  I appeared to Avraham, Yitz'chak and Ya`akov as El Shaddai, although I did not make myself known to them by my name, Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh ( י ה ו ה ) [Adonai].


The name and the meaning are extremely important. To understand Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh and why the Lord would use this specific name to call Himself. Yeshua the Messiah the son of God and also God would have this name above Himself as He gave His life for free for all of us.

See Brit Hadasha Yochanan 19:17-22

"YHVH" is the Hebrew word that translates as "LORD". Found more often in the Old Testament than any other name for God (approximately 7,000 times), the title is also referred to as the "Tetragrammaton," meaning the "The Four Letters". YHVH comes from the Hebrew verb "to be" and is the special name that God revealed to Moses at the burning bush. "And God said to Moses, 'I AM WHO I AM; and He said, thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you... this is My eternal name, and this is how I am to be recalled for all generations'" (Exodus 3:14-15). Therefore, YHVH declares God's absolute being - the source of everything, without beginning and without end. Although some pronounce YHVH as "Jehovah" or "Yaweh," scholars really don't know the proper pronunciation. The Jews stopped pronouncing this name by about 200 A.D., out of fear of breaking the commandment "You shall not take the name of YHVH your God in vain" (Exodus 20:7). (Today's rabbis typically use "Adonai" in place of YHVH.) Here are some examples of YHVH used in scripture: YHVH Elohim - LORD God: (Genesis 2:4). YHVH M'kadesh - The LORD Who Makes Holy: (Ezekiel 37:28). YHVH Yireh - The LORD Who Sees/provides: (Genesis 22:14). YHVH Nissi - The LORD My Banner: (Exodus 17:15). YHVH Shalom - The LORD Of Peace: (Judges 6:24). YHVH Tzidkaynu - The LORD Our Righteousness: (Jeremiah 33:16). YHVH O'saynu - The LORD our Maker: (Psalm 95:6).

Names of God: The Lord Revealed in YHVH is the Lord Revealed in Yeshua (Jesus)
The LORD who revealed Himself as YHVH in the Old Testament is revealed as Yeshua (Jesus) in the New Testament. Jesus shares the same attributes as YHVH and clearly claims to be YHVH. In John 8:56-9, Jesus presents himself as the "I AM." When challenged by some Jewish leaders regarding His claim of seeing Abraham (who lived some 2000 years earlier), Jesus replied, "Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I AM." Those Jewish leaders understood that Jesus was claiming to be YHVH. This is clearly established when they tried to stone Him to death for what they considered blasphemy under Jewish Law. In Romans 10:9, Paul declares, "if you confess with your mouth Yeshua as LORD... you shall be saved." Immediately thereafter, in Romans 10:13, Paul backs up this declaration by quoting the Old Testament, "Whoever will call upon the name of the LORD (YHVH) will be saved" (Joel 2:32). Calling on Yeshua (Jesus) as Lord is the same as calling Him YHVH, because Yeshua (Jesus) is YHVH (LORD), the Messiah foretold throughout the entire Old Testament.


Sh’mot/Exodus 7 -

The dignified mission of Moshe and Aaron to Pharaoh - the one to be as God, the other as a prophet of the Most High, Exo_7:1, Exo_7:2. The prediction that Pharaoh’s heart should be hardened, that God might multiply his signs and wonders in Egypt, that the inhabitants might know he alone was the true God, Exo_7:3-4. The age of Moses and Aaron, Exo_7:7. God gives them directions how they should act before Pharaoh, Exo_7:5, Exo_7:9. Moses turns his rod into a serpent, Exo_7:10. The magicians imitate this miracle, and Pharaoh’s heart is hardened, Exo_7:11-13. Moses is commanded to wait upon Pharaoh next morning when he should come to the river, and threaten to turn the waters into blood if he did not let the people go, Exo_7:14-18. The waters in all the land of Egypt are turned into blood, Exo_7:19, Exo_7:20. The fish die, Exo_7:21. The magicians imitate this, and Pharaoh’s heart is again hardened, Exo_7:22, Exo_7:23. The Egyptians sorely distressed because of the bloody waters, Exo_7:24. This plague endures seven days, Exo_7:25.


The Plagues…

Blood! Dam

Waters Turned to Blood

The first of the judgments was upon the waters of Egypt.  The Nile was the highway of this ancient land, as it still is today.

Not only was the Nile turned to blood, but the other waters of the land were as well, even the water that was drawn for use in the houses in wooden and stone jars.  For seven days the whole land was in horror, with dead fish and a stench from the river.2

To better appreciate what was going on, we must examine the numerous gods of the river:  Osiris, one of the chief gods of Egypt, was first of all the gods of the Nile.  He, with his companion, the mother god, Isis, and their child, Horus , were human-headed gods (in contrast to the many that had heads of birds, beasts, and reptiles). 

There were other gods of the Nile, too: Hapimon in the north, and Tauret at Thebes, and the hippopotamus goddess of the river.  There was also Nu , the god of life in the Nile.

The supernatural pollution of the waters of the land were a humiliation to the gods the Egyptians worshiped.


 Sh’mot/Exodus 8 -

The plague of frogs threatened, Exo_8:1, Exo_8:2. The extent of this plague, Exo_8:3, Exo_8:4. Aaron commanded to stretch out his hand, with the rod, over the river and waters of Egypt, in consequence of which the frogs came, Exo_8:5, Exo_8:6. The magicians imitate this miracle, Exo_8:7. Pharaoh entreats Moshe to remove the frogs, and promises to let the people go, Exo_8:8. Moses promises that they shall be removed from every part of Egypt, the river excepted, Exo_8:9-11. Moses prays to God, and the frogs die throughout the land of Egypt, Exo_8:12-14. Pharaoh, finding himself respited, hardens his heart, Exo_8:15. The plague of lice on man and beast, Exo_8:16, Exo_8:17. The magicians attempt to imitate this miracle, but in vain, Exo_8:18. They confess it to be the finger of God, and yet Pharaoh continues obstinate, Exo_8:19. Moses is sent again to him to command him to let the people go, and in case of disobedience he is threatened with swarms of flies, Exo_8:20, Exo_8:21. A promise made that the land of Goshen, where the Israelites dwelt, should be exempted front this plague, Exo_8:22, Exo_8:23. The flies are sent, Exo_8:24. Pharaoh sends for Moses and Aaron, and offers to permit them to sacrifice in the land, Exo_8:25. They refuse, and desire to go three days’ journey into the wilderness, Exo_8:26, Exo_8:27. Pharaoh consents to let them go a little way, provided they would entreat the Lord to remove the flies, Exo_8:28. Moshe consents, prays to God, and the flies are removed, Exo_8:29-31. After which Pharaoh yet hardened his heart, and refused to let the people go, Exo_8:32.


The Frogs Frogs! Tz'far-day-ah,

The second of the wonders further proved the powerlessness of the gods of Egypt.  The land was covered with a plague of frogs in such abundance that they infested the Egyptians' houses and beds.3  

One of the principal goddesses of the land was Hekt , the wife of the creator of the world, who was always shown with the head and the body of a frog. 

The frogs came out of the sacred Nile4  and Egypt's devotion to them prevented them from dealing with them: they soon had decaying carcasses throughout the land, resulting in a stinking horror. (It is interesting that the climactic war against God in Revelation is assembled by three frog-like spirits.5 )


The Sand Flies Ki-Neem (Gnats)

The third of the judgments on Egypt came out of the soil in Egypt.  The Hebrew word ken , is translated "lice" in our English translation, with "sand flies" or "fleas" in some marginal notes. 

The Hebrew word comes from a root meaning to dig; it is probable that the insect was one which digs under the skin of men. 

This was an embarrassment to their great god of the earth, Geb, to whom they gave offerings for the bounty of the soil.  Also the presence of the fleas or lice were a barrier to their officiating in their priestly duties!



The Lord sets apart His people

Exo 8:21  (8:17) Otherwise, if you won't let my people go, I will send swarms of insects on you, your servants and your people, and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of swarms of insects, and likewise the ground they stand on.

Exo 8:22  (8:18) But I will set apart the land of Goshen, where my people live — no swarms of insects will be there — so that you can realize that I am Adonai, right here in the land.

Exo 8:23  (8:19) Yes, I will distinguish between my people and your people, and this sign will happen by tomorrow." ' "



Sh’mot/Exodus 9 -

The Lord sends Moshe to Pharaoh to inform him that, if he did not let the Israelites depart, a destructive pestilence should be sent among his cattle, Exo_9:1-3; while the cattle of the Israelites should be preserved, Exo_9:4. The next day this pestilence, which was the fifth plague, is sent, and all the cattle of the Egyptians die, Exo_9:5, Exo_9:6. Though Pharaoh finds that not one of the cattle of the Israelites had died, yet, through hardness of heart, he refuses to let the people go, Exo_9:7. Moshe and Aaron are commanded to sprinkle handfuls of ashes from the furnace, that the sixth plague, that of boils and blains, might come on man and beast, Exo_9:5, Exo_9:9; which having done, the plague takes place, Exo_9:10. The magicians cannot stand before this plague, which they can neither imitate nor remove, Exo_9:11. Pharaoh’s heart is again hardened, Exo_9:12. God’s awful message to Pharaoh, with the threat of more severe plagues than before, Exo_9:13-17. The seventh plague of rain, hail, and fire threatened, Exo_9:18. The Egyptians commanded to house their cattle that they might not be destroyed, Exo_9:19. These who feared the word of the Lord brought home their servants and cattle, and those who did not regard that word left their cattle and servants in the fields, Exo_9:20, Exo_9:21. The storm of hail, thunder, and lightning takes place, Exo_9:22-24. It nearly desolates the whole land of Egypt, Exo_9:25, while the land of Goshen escapes, Exo_9:26. Pharaoh confesses his sin, and begs an interest in the prayers of Moshe and Aaron, Exo_9:27, Exo_9:28. Moshe promises to intercede for him, and while he promises that the storm shall cease, he foretells the continuing obstinacy of both himself and his servants, Exo_9:29, Exo_9:30. The flax and barley, being in a state of maturity, are destroyed by the tempest, Exo_9:31; while the wheat and the rye, not being grown up, are preserved, Exo_9:32. Moses obtains a cessation of the storm, Exo_9:33. Pharaoh and his servants, seeing this, harden their hearts, and refuse to let the people go, Exo_9:34, Exo_9:35.


The Scarabs 4 Ah-rov, Wild Beasts!

The fourth of the plagues were "swarms"  ("of flies" is not in the original). The word is `arob , a swarm, possibly suggesting incessant motion. The deification of the scarab beetle is still conspicuous - even today - in the jewelry and artifacts celebrating ancient Egypt.  Amon-Ra , the king of the gods, had the head of a beetle. Some of the giant scarabs were even accorded the honor of mummification and entombment with the Pharaohs.
This is particularly bizarre since the scarab is actually a dung beetle.  The insect is about the size of a nickel and feeds on dung in the fields or the side of the road. 

When animals defecate, these insects swarm from their holes in the ground and collect their provender for future meals by forming it into round balls about the size of golf balls, which they roll  across the ground to their underground dwellings. 

Since they seemed to "come from nowhere," and perhaps because these perfectly round balls were possibly associated with the sun, these beetles became associated with creation.  (Also, the Egyptians seem to have had the mistaken notion that the scarabs deposited larvae in the spheres, but that is not true.) 

The plague of swarms of scarabs, with mandibles that could saw through wood, and destructive qualities worse than termites, must have caused extreme consternation since they were so venerated and thus were not to be interfered with!

Pharaoh called Moses, pleaded for a cessation, hinted at the possibility of compromise, and even asked to be prayed for.6   But God doesn't compromise; the judgments continued.

The Animals 5 Dever, Disease to Livestock!

The fifth plague was against the domestic animals of Egypt, and thus Apis, the bull god, and the cow-headed Hathor, goddess of the deserts.  These were so widespread that even the children of Israel had become tainted by their worship, which led to the fiasco of the golden calf in the image of Apis . 7

The plague was a "murrain," a contagious disease among the cattle, and even the sacred bulls in the temple died.8   Other domestic animals were sacred also, and their images adorned many of the idols, such as Bubastis , the cat goddess of love, feminine matters and fashion, etc. 

(The veneration of cows still creates a sight in India, when cows appear on the streets and even in stores and shops.)

The cattle of the Hebrews, of course, were not touched.

Ashes 6 Sh'cheen, Boils!

The sixth wonder was manifested against the bodies of men.  The plague of shechiyn , translated "boils",9  may hide something more terrible.  The root means "burning," and the same word can be translated as leprosy,10  and as the Egyptian botch,11  which was declared to be incurable.

Among the gods to which cures would have been ascribed were Thoth, the ibis-headed god of intelligence and medical learning, and Apis, Serapis and Imhotep .

Here even the magicians did not escape and could not carry on their priestly functions.  It was their custom to take the ashes of human sacrifices and cast them into the air.  Borne by the wind over the milling populace, they were viewed as a blessing. 

(It is inferred by some that this heathen custom was the source of the practice of putting ashes on the forehead on the first day of Lent.)

Moses launched this plague with a parody of this practice, and may even have had access to the very furnaces used in the sacred precincts of the royal temple.

Fiery Hail  7 Barad, Hail!

Egypt is a sunny land with virtually no rain.  The seventh wonder was a tempest of hail and fire.12  

Where was Shu, the wind god?  And Nut, the sky goddess?  Where was Horus , the hawk-headed sky god of upper Egypt?

When Pharaoh confessed his sin and the sin of his people, he even used the Hebrew names for God:

I have sinned this time: the Lord [YHWH] is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.  Intreat the Lord [YHWH] that there be no more mighty thunderings ["voices of Elohim"].  - Exodus 9:27,28

(The French have a phrase for one who speaks with spiritual language but whose heart is far from God: le patois de Canaan , the dialect of Canaan.)


Once again we see the Lord setting His people apart from the world.

Exo 9:25  Throughout all the land of Egypt, the hail struck everything in the field, people and animals; and the hail struck every plant growing in the field and broke every tree there.

Exo 9:26  But in the land of Goshen, where the people of Isra'el were, there was no hail.




Joh 19:17  Carrying the stake himself he went out to the place called Skull (in Aramaic, Gulgolta).

Joh 19:18  There they nailed him to the stake along with two others, one on either side, with Yeshua in the middle.

Joh 19:19  Pilate also had a notice written and posted on the stake; it read, YESHUA FROM NATZERET THE KING OF THE JEWS

Joh 19:20  Many of the Judeans read this notice, because the place where Yeshua was put on the stake was close to the city; and it had been written in Hebrew, in Latin and in Greek.

Joh 19:21  The Judeans' head cohanim therefore said to Pilate, "Don't write, 'The King of the Jews,' but 'He said, "I am King of the Jews." ' "

Joh 19:22  Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."


As you can see from the word of God that the charges that were posted above the Messiah’s head were in HEBREW, Latin and Greek. Not Aramaic. It is very important to understand this. When you understand Hebrew you will understand why the rabbi’s were so mad. You take the first letter of each word and it will say; hvhy the Lords name He called Himself to Moshe.


Now that we have studied the 7 Plagues brought forth from the Lord in Sh’mot and what they mean. We can now better understand what the Lord is doing in REVELATION.

Read Revelation 16:1-17



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